### 无有机模板条件下晶种导向合成微孔分子筛晶体材料

1. a 浙江大学化学系 浙江省应用化学重点实验室 杭州 310028;
b 吉林大学化学学院 无机合成与制备化学国家重点实验室 长春 130012
• 投稿日期:2012-10-20 发布日期:2012-11-22
• 通讯作者: 肖丰收 E-mail:fsxiao@zju.edu.cn
• 基金资助:

项目受国家自然科学基金(No. 21273197)资助.

### Seed-Directed and Organotemplate-free Synthesis of Zeolites

Zhang Haiyanb, Yang Chengguangb, Meng Xiangjua, Xiao Feng-Shoua

1. a Key Laboratory of Applied Chemistry of Zhejiang Province & Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028;
b State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012
• Received:2012-10-20 Published:2012-11-22
• Supported by:

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21273197).

Zeolites with unique physical and chemical properties, such as Beta, ZSM-34 have been extensively studied for a long time as important materials in the chemical industries such as shape selective catalysis, adsorption, ion exchange etc. Normally, most of zeolites were synthesized in the presence of organic templates, and the use of them usually results in more or less shortcomings including high cost of organic templates and production of environmentally undesirable gases by high temperature calcination for removing these organic templates, which strongly influence their applications. Thus, it is very important to develop an organotemplate-free route for synthesizing zeolites. Addition of seeds crystals has been demonstrated as an effective method to accelerate the crystallization of zeolite, improving the purity of the crystal product. Based on the effect of seeds, we have successfully developed a seed-directed and organotemplate-free (SDS) synthesis of zeolites such as Beta, FER, ZSM-34 and LEV, where zeolite seeds play similar roles to the “templates’’ that direct crystallization of zeolites from the amorphous aluminosilicate gels. When no zeolites seeds were added, the product is amorphous products at the same condition. As a common process for the synthesis of these zeolites in the absence of organic templates, aluminum and alkali sources were dissolved into H2O, followed by addition of fumed silica. After stirring at room temperature for 5 h, zeolite seeds were introduced into the aluminosilicate gel. After further stirring for 5 min, the mixture was transferred into an autoclave for crystallization. After filtrating, washing with deionized water and drying, zeolite products were obtained. The calcination of the sample for removing organic templates could be fully avoided due to the absence of organic template. In the present article, we show the recent results about the synthesis and characterizations of zeolites including Beta, FER, ZSM-34 and LEV using this SDS route.