### 四嗪与一些环烯烃反应机理的理论研究

1. 北京师范大学化学学院 北京 100875
• 投稿日期:2013-12-02 发布日期:2014-01-01
• 通讯作者: 方德彩，E-mail：dcfang@bnu.edu.cn；Tel.：010-58805422；Fax：010-58802075 E-mail:dcfang@bnu.edu.cn
• 基金资助:

项目受国家自然科学基金（No. 21373030）资助.

### Theoretical Studies on the Mechanism of Cycloaddition Reaction between 1,2,4,5-Tetrazine and Cycloolefines

Fang Decai, Chen Yanmei

1. College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
• Received:2013-12-02 Published:2014-01-01
• Supported by:

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21373030).

The reaction mechanism of [4+2] cycloaddition reaction between 1,2,4,5-tetrazine and cycloolefines has been investigated with several density functional theory (DFT) methods, such as CAM-B3LYP, B3LYP, X3LYP, BMK, LC-wPBE, wB97x, wB97xd, M062x and M11, and the obtained results show that all of title reactions are concerted regardless of methods used. The stability of transition state is moderated by the interaction of frontier molecular orbitals (FMO), in which cycloolefine acts as an electron-donating partner and 1,2,4,5-tetrazine acts as an electron-accepter from the charge transfer direction in the transition state. The calculated activation free-energy barrier is dependent on the size of ring in cycloolefines, i.e., the larger the size of ring in cycloolefine, the more difficult the reaction, which is related to the deformation energy when transition state is formed. The activation free energy barriers have been calculated both with gas-phase translational entropy and solution translational entropy, in which those from gas-phase translational entropy (output of Gaussian job) are far away from the experimental estimations. For those generated from solution translational entropy are comparable for most of DFT methods, in which those generated from BMK, CAM-B3LYP and X3LYP methods are more reasonable. However, rate constants calculated from both M062x and M11 methods are largely deviated from experimental observations, indicating that these two methods are not suitable for studying these types of reactions. Moreover, the wB97xd method with classical dispersion overestimates the interaction between two fragments in transition states, and thus leads to low activation free energy barrier, meaning that those transition states, stabilized by FMO interactions, are hardly to form temperate and regional dipoles for the interacting partners. The reason for the failure of these methods has been addressed in this paper.