化学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (11): 1214-1218.DOI: 10.6023/A15060430 上一篇    

研究论文

[Cu2Pt(npa)4X2](X=Cl-,NCS-)金属串配合物电子传输性质的研究

周沃华a, 陈蓉a, 吴子文a, 丁丹丹a, 徐志广a,b, 许旋a,b,c,d, 罗一帆a,b   

  1. a 华南师范大学化学与环境学院 广州 510006;
    b 教育部环境理论化学重点实验室 广州 510006;
    c 广东省高校电化学储能与发电技术重点实验室 广州 510006;
    d 华南师范大学电化学储能材料与技术教育部工程研究中心 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-24 出版日期:2015-11-15 发布日期:2015-11-19
  • 通讯作者: 许旋 E-mail:xuxuan@scnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受广东省自然科学资金项目(No. S2012010008763), 广东省教育部产学研项目(No. 2010B090400184)和广州市科技攻关项目(No. 2011J4300063)资助.

Electronic Transport Properties of Asymmetric Metal String Complex [Cu2Pt(npa)4X2](X=Cl-, NCS-)

Zhou Wohuaa, Chen Ronga, Wu Ziwena, Ding Dandana, Xu Zhiguanga,b, Xu Xuana,b,c,d, Luo Yifana,b   

  1. a School of Chemistry & Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006;
    b Key Laboratory of Theoretical Chemistry of Environment, Ministry of Education, Guangzhou 510006;
    c Key Laboratory of Electrochemical Technology on Energy Storage and Power Generation in Guangdong Universities, Guangzhou 510006;
    d Engineering Research Center of Materials and Technology for Electrochemical Energy Storage, Ministry of Education of China, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006
  • Received:2015-06-24 Online:2015-11-15 Published:2015-11-19
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (No. S2012010008763), Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province (No. 2010B090400184), Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou City (No. 2011J4300063).

使用密度泛函理论(BP86)结合非平衡态格林函数(NEGF)方法研究金属串配合物[Cu2Pt(npa)4X2] (X=Cl-(1), NCS-(2); npa=2-naphthyridylphenylamine)的电子结构和电子传输性质, 研究发现: (1)由于轴向配体NCS-与Cu的结合比Cl-的强, 使配合物1的Cu-Cu键比2的强而Cu-Pt键比2的弱, 故1的π*Pt dxz/yz轨道与π*Cu-Cu能级差ΔE2小. (2) 12的传输通道均是β自旋的π*轨道, 主要由π*Cu-Cu 和π*Pt dxz/yz轨道组合而成. ΔE越小π*越离域, 传输能力越强. 在负偏压下和正偏压小于0.15 V时, 1的电流大于2; 但正偏压大于0.15 V后2的β电流显著高于1. (3) 2具有较好的整流效应. ΔE越大, Pt→Cu方向的传输越容易, 整流效应越强. 正偏压下2的电流显著大于负偏压下的电流, 0.15 V后2的整流比比1高10~40倍. (4)因ΔEβ< ΔEα, α自旋通道传输能力小于β自旋的, 12具有良好的自旋过滤效应(高达80%~99%).

关键词: 金属串配合物, 密度泛函理论, 非平衡态格林函数方法, 电子传输, 分子整流器

The asymmetric heterometal string complexes [Cu2Pt(npa)4X2] (X=Cl-(1), NCS-(2), npa=2-naphthyridyl- phenylamine) are suitable candidates for promising inorganic molecule rectifiers. The electronic structures and transmission properties of them were investigated by theoretical calculation using Density Function Theory BP86 and Non Equilibrium Green's Functions method. The results revealed that: (1) Since the interaction between axial ligand NCS- and Cu atom is stronger than that of Cl-Cu, the Cu-Cu bond of complex 1 is stronger than that in 2, while its Cu-Pt bond is weaker than that in 2. Therefore, complex 1 has smaller energy gap ΔE between π*Pt dxz/yz and π*Cu-Cu orbital compared with that of 2. (2) The transmission channels of 1 and 2 both are β spin π* orbitals, which are mainly combination of π*Cu-Cu and π*Pt dxz/yz orbital. The smaller ΔE, the larger delocalization of π* channel, and hence the stronger transmission capacity. When the positive bias is less than 0.15 V and under negative bias, current of 1 is greater than that of 2 for the smaller ΔE of 1. However when the positive bias is larger than 0.15 V, current of 2 is significantly higher than that of 1 for the stronger delocalization of π* channel in 2. (3) The complex 2 has better rectifying effect. With a larger ΔE, the transmission of Pt → Cu direction is easier and the rectifying effect is stronger. Current of 2 under the positive bias is significantly greater than that in negative bias. When the bias is larger than 0.15 V, the rectified ratio of 2 is 10~40 times larger than 1. (4) With the ΔEβ smaller than ΔEα, the transmission capacity of α spin channel is less than β, and the effect of the spin filter will be stronger for the larger difference between ΔEβ and ΔEα. Both 1 and 2 have significant spin filter effect (up to 80%~99%).

Key words: metal string complex, density function theory, non equilibrium green's functions, electronic transport, molecule rectifier