化学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (10): 807-812.DOI: 10.6023/A18050201 上一篇    

研究论文

基于季铵盐改性SiO2空心球的抗菌/减反增透双功能薄膜的制备和研究

王凯凯a,b, 贺军辉a   

  1. a 中国科学院理化技术研究所 功能纳米材料实验室 北京 100190;
    b 中国科学院大学 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-15 出版日期:2018-10-15 发布日期:2018-08-13
  • 通讯作者: 贺军辉 E-mail:jhhe@mail.ipc.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No.21571182)、国家重点研发计划(No.2017YFA0207102)和北京市科学技术委员会(No.Z151100003315018)资助.

Fabrication and Study of Antibacterial/Antireflective Dual-functional Thin Films from Quaternary Ammonium Salt Modified Hollow Silica Nanospheres

Wang Kaikaia,b, He Junhuia   

  1. a Functional Nanomaterials Laboratory, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190;
    b University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2018-05-15 Online:2018-10-15 Published:2018-08-13
  • Contact: 10.6023/A18050201 E-mail:jhhe@mail.ipc.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21571182), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFA0207102) and the Science and Technology Commission of Beijing Municipality (No. Z151100003315018).

兼具减反增透和抗菌性能的双功能薄膜在医疗健康领域具有很重要的应用前景.然而,关于此类薄膜的研究尚且屈指可数.本工作选取最长烷基链为C18的季铵盐为抗菌剂,通过化学键合方式改性酸催化SiO2溶胶液并与空心球纳米粒子溶胶液复合.然后,采用浸涂法制备出具备抗菌和减反增透双功能的薄膜.通过调节上述两种溶胶液的混合比例,对薄膜的光学性能进行了优化.其中,涂覆最优薄膜的玻璃基底在可见光区域内(400~800 nm)展现出优异的透光性能(Tmax=99.2%,Tave=98.6%).该方法操作简单,无需经过高温热处理,易于大面积制备,具有潜在的应用前景.

关键词: 减反增透, 抗菌, 季铵盐, 二氧化硅空心球, 薄膜

Dual-functional thin films simultaneously demonstrating antireflective and antibacterial properties have important practical values in the fields of medicine and health. Unfortunately, related studies have so far been very limited. This work chose a quaternary ammonium salt with the longest carbon chain of C18 as antibacterial agent, and used it to modify an acid-catalyzed silica sol via chemical bonding. The obtained quaternary ammonium salt modified acid-catalyzed silica sol (Q-ASNs) was subsequently mixed with a hollow silica nanospheres sol (HSNs) followed by stirring for 6 h to obtain a mixed sol. The volume percentage of Q-ASNs was varied as 3.1%, 4.9%, 6.7%, and 8.4%, respectively. In detail, Q-ASNs were synthesized as follows:1 mL tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), 0.6 mL quaternary ammonium salt methanol solution (65 wt%), 13.6 mL ethanol, 0.45 mL water and 21 μL HCl were mixed followed by stirring at room temperature for 4 h and aging for at least one day. HSNs were prepared according to the following procedure:0.1 g poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) was dissolved in 4.5 mL ammonium hydroxide, and then it was mixed with 90 mL absolute ethanol under stirring. This was followed by the injection of 800 μL TEOS under vigorous magnetic stirring at room temperature in 40 min. After 10 h, a HSNs sol containing~30 nm hollow silica nanospheres formed. Before mixing Q-ASNs and HSNs, the HSNs were stirred in a ventilating cabinet for more than 24 h to remove ammonia. Antireflective/antibacterial dual-functional thin films were fabricated by dip-coating from the mixed sol of Q-ASNs and HSNs. The optical properties of the films were optimized by regulating the mixing ratio of the above-mentioned two sols. The optimal thin film coated glass substrate presented high transmittance (Tmax=99.2%, Tave=98.6%) in the visible wavelength range of 400~800 nm. The HSNs and the mixed sol were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The fabricated thin films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, transmission/reflection spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscopy using a live/dead reagent. The current method is simple and easy for large-area coating without any high-temperature heat treatment, and is thus promising for practical applications.

Key words: antireflective, antibacterial, quaternary ammonium salt, hollow silica nanospheres, thin film