化学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (04): 473-477.DOI: 10.6023/A13010098 上一篇    下一篇

研究亮点

可充锂空气电池多孔纳米催化剂

程方益, 陈军   

  1. 先进能源材料化学教育部重点实验室 南开大学化学学院 天津 300071
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-18 出版日期:2013-04-14 发布日期:2013-03-01
  • 基金资助:

    项目受科技部973计划(No. 2011CB935900), 国家自然科学基金重点项目(No. 21231005)和111计划(No. B12015)资助.

Nanoporous Catalysts for Rechargeable Li-air Batteries

Cheng Fangyi, Chen Jun   

  1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry (Ministry of Education), College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071
  • Received:2013-01-18 Online:2013-04-14 Published:2013-03-01
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by 973 (No. 2011CB935900), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Key Program No. 21231005) and 111 Project (No. B12015).

可充锂空气电池是当前化学电源研究热点和重点, 近年来取得了重要进展. 简要介绍了该领域在空气电极多孔纳米催化材料的设计与应用方面的最新研究成果, 讨论了碳、贵金属、氧化物三类催化材料的特征及性能, 展望了新型高效氧还原/氧析出双功能阴极纳米催化剂的发展方向.

关键词: 锂空气电池, 氧还原, 氧析出, 催化剂, 多孔纳米材料

Rechargeable Li-air batteries have attracted intensive R&D interest as advanced power sources in recent years. This article highlights the latest advances in the design and application of porous catalytic nanomaterials for air electrodes. The characteristics of three types of catalysts including carbons, noble metals, and metal oxides are introduced, along with a perspective of future research direction of efficient oxygen reduction/evolution bifunctional cathode nanocatalysts.

Key words: Li-air batteries, oxygen reduction, oxygen evolution, catalyst, nanoporous materials