The valence states of copper-based catalyst are still controversial for whether Cu+ exists or even dominates the corresponding catalysis performance, especially for the catalyst prepared by unconventional method. For example, Cu/SiO2 catalyst prepared by deposition-precipitation exhibits different ratio of Cu0 and Cu+ in the literatures. Zinc-doping Cu/SiO2 catalyst is primarily chosen for carbonyl hydrogenation. Additionally, the copper catalysts employed in the industrial reactor requires a doping of zinc for catalyst stability and relatively low temperature reduction, which makes the valence states of copper catalyst under working conditions even more complicated. In this paper, copper phyllasilicate, 15 wt.% Cu-5.0 wt.% Zn/SiO2, was prepared by ammonia evaporation method with the following procedures: (1) complexation of Cu/Zn to silicasol by mixing of an amount of copper ammonia solution (0.5 M) and zinc ammonia solution (0.5 M) with silicasol (5 %, SiO2) for 5 h at room temperature, and then decomposition of metal ammonia under 95℃; (2) dried, crushed and calcined at 450℃ for 4 h. The Cu/SiO2 catalyst precursor without the addition of zinc was prepared with the same procedures as Cu-Zn catalyst precursor. The valence states of copper catalyst of Cu-Zn/SiO2 and Cu/SiO2 catalyst during hydrogen reduction at temperatures in the range of 20℃ to 350℃ has been studied by in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy characterization under the atmosphere of 10 % H2 in He, 50 ml/min. Valence state composition was analyzed by using Linear Combination Fitting (LCF) method based on X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES) spectra, which indicated: (1) the reduction degree of Cu2+ to Cu0 is increased with the addition of zinc; (2) Cu+ occurred and mainly existed at low reduction temperature with a low concentration (<250℃), but it diminished completely at high reduction temperature; (3) Cu0 could be the active center for hydrogenation of methyl acetate to ethanol.
贾臻龙, 涂云宝, 王建强, Anatoly I. Frenkel, 杨为民, 刘仲能, 许中强. X-射线吸收谱原位表征Cu-Zn/SiO2催化剂Cu价态[J]. 化学学报, 0, (): 0-0.
JIA Zhenlong, TU Yunbao, WANG Jianqiang, FRENKEL Anatoly, I., YANG Weimin, LIU Zhongneng, XU Zhongqiang. In situ X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy Characterization of Copper Valence State in Cu-Zn/SiO2 Catalyst. Acta Chim. Sinica, 0, (): 0-0.