Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2017, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (9): 841-859.DOI: 10.6023/A17040168 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review

金属有机骨架材料在吸附分离研究中的应用进展

张贺a,b,c, 李国良a, 张可刚c, 廖春阳a,b   

  1. a 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室 北京 100085;
    b 中国科学院大学 资源与环境学院 北京 100049;
    c 华北电力大学 环境科学与工程学院 保定 071003
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-18 出版日期:2017-09-15 发布日期:2017-09-04
  • 通讯作者: 廖春阳 E-mail:cyliao@rcees.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张贺,中国科学院生态环境研究中心直博生.目前在环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室参与国家重点研发计划"纳米材料治理水体复合污染的应用基础研究及工程示范"项目研究.主要研究方向为金属有机骨架材料(MOFs)的合成和应用;李国良,博士,中国科学院生态环境研究中心环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室副研究员.主持国家自然科学基金,负责国家科技支撑计划、国家重点研发计划项目任务;张可刚,博士,任教于华北电力大学环境科学与工程系.近年来,主持国家自然科学基金项目1项,省部级项目1项,参与多项国家级项目研究,发表论文多篇;廖春阳,博士,中国科学院生态环境研究中心研究员,中央组织部"青年千人计划"入选者,国家"优秀青年基金"获得者.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(Nos.21522706,21677167,21677159,21407047)、国家重点研发计划(No.2016YFA0203102)和中央组织部“青年千人计划”资助.

Advances of Metal-Organic Frameworks in Adsorption and Separation Applications

Zhang Hea,b,c, Li Guolianga, Zhang Kegangc, Liao Chunyanga,b   

  1. a State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085;
    b College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049;
    c Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Baoding 071003
  • Received:2017-04-18 Online:2017-09-15 Published:2017-09-04
  • Contact: 10.6023/A17040168 E-mail:cyliao@rcees.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21522706, 21677167, 21677159, 21407047), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFA0203102), and the Thousand Young Talents Program of China.

As a new type of nano porous material, Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) have been rapidly developed for decades. MOFs are synthesized via the self-assembling combination of inorganic metals and organic ligands, and they have many characteristics superior to the conventional porous materials. The ultrahigh surface area, high porosity, adjustable pore sizes, outstanding thermal and chemical stability enable MOFs to be promising materials for widespread applications. With the deepening of research in recent years, MOFs are successfully applied in diverse fields, such as catalysis, adsorption, separation, and biomedicine imaging, among others. The advances of MOFs used in adsorption and separation are reviewed in this paper, with an emphasis on storage of fuels, carbon capture, membrane separation, liquid-phase adsorption, and chromatographic separation and purification. In addition, the future research directions regarding MOFs in the adsorption and separation field are prospected also.

Key words: MOFs, adsorption and separation, gas storage, liquid-phase adsorption, chromatographic separation