Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (9): 681-690.DOI: 10.6023/A18050197 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review

双面进光太阳能电池透明对电极研究进展

杨英a,b,c, 陈甜a,b,c, 潘德群a,b,c, 张政a,b,c, 郭学益a,b,c   

  1. a 中南大学 冶金与环境学院 长沙 410083;
    b 有色金属资源循环利用湖南省重点实验室 长沙 410083;
    c 有色金属资源循环利用湖南省工程研究中心 长沙 410083
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-12 出版日期:2018-09-15 发布日期:2018-06-29
  • 通讯作者: 郭学益 E-mail:xyguo@csu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:杨英,副教授,武汉大学博士毕业.长期从事材料物理化学及新能源材料与器件的科研工作,对固态高分子电解质以及固态染料敏化太阳能电池、量子点太阳能电池及钙钛矿太阳能电池有夯实的理论和实践基础.于2013~2014年间在美国怀俄明大学完成博士后研究工作.现工作于中南大学冶金与环境学院.主要研究方向:新能源材料与器件;郭学益,教授,1995于中南大学获得博士学位.1997年完成博士后研究工作,1999~2000年在日本佐贺大学理工学部机能物质化学科担任研究员,2000~2003年在日本东京大学国际产学共同研究中心担任客员教授.现工作于中南大学冶金与环境学院.主要研究方向:资源循环利用及环境材料.
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No.61774169)、中南大学创新驱动计划项目(No.2016CX022)、留学回国基金资助以及湖南省自然科学基金(No.2016JJ3140)、中南大学研究生创新项目(Nos.1053320170116,1053320170565)和中南大学本科生创新项目(Nos.cx20170271,201710533300)资助.

Research Progress of Bifacial Solar Cells with Transparent Counter Electrode

Yang Yinga,b,c, Chen Tiana,b,c, Pan Dequna,b,c, Zhang Zhenga,b,c, Guo Xueyia,b,c   

  1. a Central South University, School of Metallurgy and Environment, Changsha 410083;
    b Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonferrous Metal Resources Recycling, Changsha 410083;
    c Hunan Engineering Research Center of Nonferrous Metal Resources Recycling, Changsha 410083
  • Received:2018-05-12 Online:2018-09-15 Published:2018-06-29
  • Contact: 10.6023/A18050197 E-mail:xyguo@csu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61774169), Third Innovation Driven Project of Central South University (No. 2016CX022), Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned overseas Chinese Scholar, Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (No. 2016JJ3140), Graduate student of Central South University (Nos. 1053320170116, 1053320170565) and Undergraduate student of Central South University (Nos. cx20170271, 201710533300).

In recent years, solar cells (including dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), quantum dots sensitized solar cells (QDSCs), and perovskite solar cells (PSCs)) have attracted wide attention due to their low cost, light weight, and high efficiency. Compared with traditional solar cells with opaque counter electrodes where the sunlight can only pass from the photoanode, bifacial solar cells, which are composed of photoanode, electrolyte, transparent counter electrode, hole transport layer can realize the purpose that sunlight can pass through the photoanode and the transparent counter electrode (CE) at the same time, which can reduce the loss of sunlight and greatly broad the light utilization of device to achieve improved opto-electronic performance. In the entire electrochemical cycle, the transparent counter electrode is regarded as reducing agent in reducing the oxidation state I3- in the electrolyte to the reduced state I- so the electrocatalytic activity, chemical stability, electrical conductivity of the transparent counter electrode directly influences the rear side photo-to-electricity efficiency of device and the preparation of transparent counter electrodes is significantly important for the device. Therefore, it is necessary to study the effect of the counter electrode on the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the bifacial solar cells. In view of the problems of low transmittance, high cost, and low light utilization of traditional CE, the transparent CE of bifacial solar cells with high power conversion efficiency and low cost are preferred. The transparent CE of bifacial DSSCs, QDSCs and PSCs are comprehensively discussed in this paper. The influence of materials choosing and interfacial modification methods of transparent counter electrode on the photovoltaic performances of bifacial devices are analyzed. The transparent counter electrodes materials mainly include metals and alloys, sulfides, selenides, conductive polymers, and so on. In conclusion, bifacial solar cells mainly have the following problems:high reflectivity of metal electrodes, corrosion of the sulfide on the electrodes and the stability of the conductive polymers. The further application prospects of these kinds of bifacial solar cells is proposed.

Key words: transparent electrode, bifacial solar cells, dye-sensitized solar cells, quantum dots sensitized solar cells, perovskite solar cells