Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 1994, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (5): 421-426. Previous Articles     Next Articles

Original Articles

(ArNu)^-的奇电子配置和直接光亲核取代

吴国生;魏夏凉;陈磊;顾惠娟   

  1. 中国科学院上海有机化学研究所.上海(200032)
  • 出版日期:1994-05-15 发布日期:1994-05-15

Residence of the odd electron of (ArNu)^- and straight photo- nucleophilic substitution

Wu Guosheng;Wei Xialiang;Chen Lei;Gu Huijuan   

  1. Shanghai Inst Organ Chem., CAS.Shanghai(200032)
  • Online:1994-05-15 Published:1994-05-15

The photostimu lated reaction of N-iperidinyl acetamide anion with a series of chloroarenes in liquid ammonia led to the arylation at α- carbon of the amide. However, a mass photoproduct distribution consisting of 1, 2-diphenylethanne (35%), biphenyl (2%), benzene (5%) and N-ipperdinyl benzoacetamide was observable. In the case of chlorobenzene MO calculation indicated that the odd electron of (PhCH~2COPi)^- might be heavily populated in the piperdinyl portion of the redical anion. Predominant β-scission of (PHCH~2COPi)^- followed by dimerization of benzyl radical gave 1, 3-diphenylethane as the major product. Residence of the odd electron of (ArNu)^- at the polycylic aryl moiety resulted in the electron to transfer ground ArX and formation of the nucleophilic substitution product.

Key words: NUCLEOPHILIC SUBSTITUTION, PHOTOREACTION, LIQUID AMMONIA, ACETAMIDE

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