Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2005, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (15): 1402-1408. Previous Articles     Next Articles

Original Articles

亚烷基卡宾及取代亚烷基卡宾与环硫乙烷反应的量子化学研究

耿志远*,方冉,王永成,张兴辉,王冬梅,戴国梁,吕玲玲   

  1. (西北师范大学化学化工学院 甘肃省高分子材料重点实验室 兰州 730070)
  • 收稿日期:2004-12-09 修回日期:2005-04-11 出版日期:2005-08-15 发布日期:2010-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 耿志远

Quantum Chemical Study on the Abstraction Reaction of Alkylidenecarbene and Its Substituted Species with Thiirane

GENG Zhi-Yuan*, FANG Ran, WANG Yong-Cheng, ZHANG Xing-Hui, WANG Dong-Mei, DAI Guo-Liang, LÜ Ling-Ling   

  1. (Gansu Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070)
  • Received:2004-12-09 Revised:2005-04-11 Online:2005-08-15 Published:2010-12-10
  • Contact: GENG Zhi-Yuan

The mechanisms of the abstraction reactions of alkylidenecarbenes have been characterized in detail using density functional theory. All the stationary points were determined at the B3LYP/6-311G(d, p) level of the theory. The transition states both to the reactants and the product direction in the reaction paths were examined by using the intrinsic reaction coordinate. A configuration mixing model based on the work of Pross and Shaik was used to rationalize the computational results. The results show that the electro negativity of the substituents played an important role in predicting its activity for the abstraction reactions. The major conclusion was that the stronger the π-donation or the more electro negativity the substituents, the smaller the ΔEST of XYC=C and the lower the activation energy for the abstraction reactions. In other words, it is the electronic factors, rather than the steric factors, that play a decisive role in the chem