Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2008, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (15): 1781-1785. Previous Articles     Next Articles

Original Articles


郭宪吉*,a,b 侯文华*,a 刘淑敏b


  1. (a南京大学介观化学教育部重点实验室 南京 210093)
    (b郑州大学化学系 郑州 450052)

  • 投稿日期:2007-11-25 修回日期:2008-02-10 发布日期:2008-08-14
  • 通讯作者: 侯文华

Preparation of TiO2-Pillared HNb3O8: Tetrabutyl Titanate Used as a Cheap Titanium Source

GUO, Xian-Ji *,a,b HOU, Wen-Hua *,a LIU, Shu-Min b


  1. (a Laboratory of Mesoscopic Chemistry, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093)
    (b Department of Chemistry, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052)
  • Received:2007-11-25 Revised:2008-02-10 Published:2008-08-14
  • Contact: HOU, Wen-Hua

Ti(IV) polycation-intercalated niobate was synthesized through a stepwise ion-exchange route, in which HNb3O8 was used as the layered host, n-decylamine as a preswelling agent, and tetrabutyl titanate (abbreviated to TBT) as a titanium source. After the Ti(IV) polycation-intercalated niobate was calcined at 723 K in air environment, TiO2-pillared HNb3O8 was given. X-ray diffraction (XRD), framework infrared spectra FT-IR, N2 adsorption-desorption technique and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were employed to investigate the structure of the obtained products. Characterizations by XRD and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms indicated that the TiO2-pillared HNb3O8 was a porous layered material with an interlayer distance (d010) of 1.39 nm, a pillar height of 0.63 nm and a BET specific surface area of 35 m2•g-1. The TiO2-pillared solid was thermally very stable, and its layered structure could be retained up to 823 K. Combined with our previous studying work, it was found that TBT as well as titanium tetraisopropoxide (abbreviated as TIP) could be used as the precursor of TiO2 pillars. Apparently, the TBT is more practicable than TIP since the latter is very costly and the former relatively cheap. It was demonstrated that the Ti(IV) polycation intercalated in the interlayers of the layered niobate contain no CH3COO- and other organic groups, and thus it can be inferred that the Ti(IV) polycations have a formula of [Ti(OH)x(H2O)y]z+, in which x, y, and z are variables.

Key words: TiO2-pillared HNb3O8, pillaring, titanium source, tetrabutyl titanate