Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (2): 133-144.DOI: 10.6023/A13101052 Previous Articles     Next Articles



宋芳源a, 丁勇a,b, 赵崇超c   

  1. a 甘肃省有色金属化学与资源利用重点实验室 兰州大学化学化工学院 兰州 730000;
    b 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所羰基合成与选择氧化国家重点实验室 兰州 730000;
    c 埃默里大学化学系 亚特兰大 美国 30322
  • 投稿日期:2013-10-12 发布日期:2013-12-07
  • 通讯作者: 丁勇,,Tel.:0931-8612029;
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No. 21173105)资助.

Progress in Polyoxometalates-Catalyzed Water Oxidation

Song Fangyuana, Ding Yonga,b, Zhao Chongchaoc   

  1. a College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000;
    b State Key Laboratory for Oxo Synthesis and Selective Oxidation, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000;
    c Department of Chemistry, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA
  • Received:2013-10-12 Published:2013-12-07
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21173105).

H2 is considered to be a clean, efficiently and renewable energy because H2O is the only product when H2 combines with O2. The splitting of water into H2 and O2 by sunlight is viewed as one of the most promising ways to produce clean and sustainable energy that is expected to meet the future need as environmentally friendly and renewable energy sources. Artificial photosynthesis water splitting is currently the most ideal energy conversion mode, and it has attracted many researchers' interest. Through this way, H2 can be separated from reaction system or in-situ used when a solar cell designed together. Water oxidation is identified as the bottleneck of water splitting because it requires a multi-electron stepwise building up of very high redox potentials. So, development of efficient and stable water oxidation catalysts (WOCs) is the key step in overall water splitting. Polyoxometalates (POMs) are a versatile family of early transition-metal oxide nanoclusters. Owing to the unmatched physical and chemical properties of POMs, they have been widely applied in catalysis, medicine, nanotechnology and materials science. Development of POMs as WOCs has given rise to more and more interesting of researchers because the all-inorganic ligands of POMs can resist the strong oxidizing environment of water oxidation reaction, which is a shortcoming of many organometallic complex WOCs. POMs have the nature between metal oxides and molecular catalysts (the so-called molecular metal oxide), thus, this kind of WOC combines the stability benefit of heterogeneous WOCs and other molecular benefits of homogeneous WOCs, which give rise to the attention of researchers. Based on a considerable number of POMs have been designed as WOCs so far, it is necessary to carry on a review for previous POM-WOCs work. In this review, various different type transition metal substituted POMs as WOCs were described and commented in detail.

Key words: polyoxometalates, water splitting, water oxidation, photocatalytic water oxidation, thermal water oxidation