Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2019, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (9): 932-938.DOI: 10.6023/A19050169 Previous Articles    

Special Issue: 有机自由基化学

Article

自由基促进硫甲基取代的炔酮的环化反应

许健ab, 张世樊c, 罗莹c, 张荔c, 张帆c, 黄挺菁c, 宋秋玲ab*()   

  1. a华侨大学材料科学与工程学院 厦门 361021
    b华侨大学新一代物质转化研究所 厦门 361021
    c华侨大学化工学院 厦门 361021
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-11 出版日期:2019-09-15 发布日期:2019-08-12
  • 通讯作者: 宋秋玲 E-mail:qsong@hqu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    项目受国家自然科学基金资助(No. 21602065)

Radical Promoted Annulation of Alkynones for the Construction of 2,3-Disubstituted Thiochromones

Xu, Jianab, Zhang, Shifanc, Luo, Yingc, Zhang, Lic, Zhang, Fanc, Huang, Tingjingc, Song, Qiulingab*()   

  1. aCollege of Materials Science & Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021
    bInstitute of Next Generation Matter Transformation, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021
    cCollege of Chemical Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021
  • Received:2019-05-11 Online:2019-09-15 Published:2019-08-12
  • Contact: Song, Qiuling E-mail:qsong@hqu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(No. 21602065)

Thiochromones are prevalent structures in various biological active molecules, natural products and potent drug candidates. However, only few methods for the synthesis of thiochromones were reported, and the traditional methods suffer from harsh conditions such as high temperature, strong acid, etc. Recently, synthesis of thiochromones from alkynones had been independently developed by the group of Larock, Mu?ller and Fu. Compared to traditional substances, alkynones are easy to be prepared and handled. More recently, Wu and co-authors improved this synthetic approach via a palladium-catalyzed carbonylative four-component reaction. Despite these great advances, syntheses of diversely functionalized thiochromones, especially 2-functionalized thiochromones which were not easily prepared via the above approaches, are still in demand and highly desirable. As part of our on-going interest in the synthesis of heterocyclic compounds via radical cascade reactions, herein, we developed a radical-involved annulation of methylthiolatedalkynones with diverse radical precursors to access 2-substituted thiochromones. Various substituents such as F, Br and OMe on aromatic ring were all compatible with the reaction, affording the desired 2-substituted thiochromones in moderate to good yields. The most advantage of this protocol is the compatibility of diverse radical precursors including H-phosphorus oxides, aryl aldehydes, arylthiols, BrCF2COOEt, acetone and acetonitrile. Moreover, a series of control experiments were performed to interpret the reaction pathway as a radical process instead of electrophilic cyclization process. Mechanism studies showed that radical involved C(sp 2)—S bond formation and C(sp 3)—S cleavage are the key steps. A general procedure for the radical annulation of alkynones with acetone and acetonitrile is as followed. To the mixture of alkynones 1 (0.2 mmol), in a schlenk flask was added a solution of tert-butyl peroxybenzoate (TBPB) (0.4 mmol) in acetone or acetonitrile (2 mL) under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction was stirred at 130 or 120 ℃ for 12 h. Upon completion, the reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography using a petroleum ether/ethyl acetate (V:V, 8:1~5:1) to afford the corresponding products 6.

Key words: radical, thiochromen, cyclization reaction, radical cascade reaction