有机化学 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 83-104.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201507008 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

微波技术在钯催化Suzuki-Miyaura交叉偶联反应中的应用研究进展

李清寒, 丁勇, 张刚, 张震, 莫松   

  1. 西南民族大学化学与环境保护工程学院 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-12 修回日期:2015-08-24 出版日期:2016-01-25 发布日期:2015-09-06
  • 通讯作者: 李清寒 E-mail:lqhchem@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    四川省科技支撑计划基金(No. 2015NZ0033)和西南民族大学中央高校基本科研业务费科学基金(No. 12NZYTH03)资助项目.

Advance on Applications of Microwave Technique in Palladium- Catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura Cross-Coupling Reaction

Li Qinghan, Ding Yong, Zhang Gang, Zhang Zhen, Mo Song   

  1. College of Chemistry and Environmental Protection Engineering, Southwest University for Nationalities, Chengdu 610041
  • Received:2015-07-12 Revised:2015-08-24 Online:2016-01-25 Published:2015-09-06
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Science and Technology Department of Sichuan Province (No. 2015NZ0033) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Southwest University for Nationalities (No. 12NZYTH03).

与传统的加热方图式相比, 微波加热具有加热速度快、热效率高、节约能源、洁净、操作简单等优点, 已成为重要的有机合成工具之一. 钯催化的Suzuki-Miyaura交叉偶联反应提供了一种合成各种联芳烃的温和方法, 具有较好的选择性, 受到了合成化学家的广泛关注. 综述了近年来微波技术在钯催化的Suzuki-Miyaura交叉偶联反应中的应用研究进展, 包括多种反应体系, 并对其在天然产物和生物活性分子合成中的应用作简要概述.

关键词: 微波技术, 钯, Suzuki-Miyaura交叉偶联反应, 催化

Compared with conventional heating, microwave heating is one of the most useful tools in organic synthesis because of its obviously advantages of fast heating, thermal efficiency, saving energy, clean, and easy operation. Palladium catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction could tolerate a broad range of functional groups with high stereoselectivity to provide a mild method in preparation of kinds of substituted biaryls. In this paper, the recent research results about the microwave technique applied in Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction are reviewed, involving various reaction systems. The applications of the methodology on the synthesis of natural products and bioactive molecules have also been introduced.

Key words: microwave technique, palladium, Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction, catalyze