有机化学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1978-1990.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201702038 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

CO2均相催化氢化研究进展

李勇a, 王征b,c, 刘庆彬a   

  1. a 河北师范大学化学与材料科学学院 石家庄 050024;
    b 中国科学院化学研究所 工程塑料重点实验室 北京 100190;
    c 中国科学院大学 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-25 修回日期:2017-03-30 出版日期:2017-08-25 发布日期:2017-04-21
  • 通讯作者: 刘庆彬 E-mail:qbinliu@yahoo.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(No.21476060)及河北省自然科学基金(No.B2014205049)资助项目.

Progress in Homogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation of CO2

Li Yonga, Wang Zhengb,c, Liu Qingbina   

  1. a College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024;
    b Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastics and Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Science, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190;
    c University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2017-02-25 Revised:2017-03-30 Online:2017-08-25 Published:2017-04-21
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201702038 E-mail:qbinliu@yahoo.com
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21476060) and the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (No. B2014205049).

由于近年来可持续发展战略的兴起和对全球变暖问题关注,二氧化碳(CO2)作为资源用于化学合成已经引起越来越多化学家的兴趣.而在利用CO2的研究中,催化氢化CO2是CO2资源利用的重要手段之一,均相催化反应具有反应条件温和、活性高及催化体系易于调控等优点,使得CO2均相催化氢化尤其是催化生产甲酸、甲醛、甲醇以及胺类化合物衍生物等方面成为当前CO2资源合理利用的重要课题,具有广阔的应用前景.对近年来金属有机络合物催化的均相氢化CO2的研究进展进行了综述,主要介绍了催化生产甲酸、甲醛、甲醇以及作为C1合成子方面中的均相催化剂的种类与结构、活性与选择性以及均相催化氢化CO2的反应机理等方面的研究.

关键词: 均相催化氢化, CO2, 金属有机络合物

In recent years, due to the rising of sustainable development strategies and concerns about global warming, chemists have pay more attention to the application of carbon dioxide (CO2) as a resource for chemical synthesis. Thereinto, in the research of the using of CO2, catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 is one of the momentous means for the utilization of CO2. The homogeneous catalytic reaction has the advantage of mild reaction condition, high activity and easy regulation of the catalytic system and so forth, so the homogeneous catalytic hydrogenation CO2 becomes to be a hot topic in utilization of CO2 resource, especially in the catalytic production of formic acid, formaldehyde, methanol and amine derivatives, it has extensive application prospects. In this paper, the recent progress in the research of homogeneously hydrogenated CO2 catalyzed by organometallic complexes is reviewed. It included that types and structures, activity and selectivity of homogeneous catalysts for the catalytic production of formic acid, formaldehyde, mathanol and as C1 synthons, and the advance in the reaction mechanism of homogeneous catalytic hydrogenation of CO2.

Key words: homogeneous catalytic hydrogenation, carbon dioxide, organometallic complexes