有机化学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 2639-2644.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201812048 上一篇    下一篇

研究论文

含全氟环丁基芳基醚结构的疏水性聚碳酸酯的合成及性能研究

胡丹a, 赵昆峰a,b,c, 童琴a,b, 何丹农a,b,c   

  1. a 纳米技术及应用国家工程研究中心 上海 200241;
    b 上海交通大学材料科学与工程学院 上海 200240;
    c 上海健康医学院 上海 201318
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-28 修回日期:2019-03-26 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-04-11
  • 通讯作者: 童琴, 何丹农 E-mail:hdn_nercn@163.com;tongqin_7557@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家重大科学研究计划(No.2015CB931902)和上海市青年科技启明星计划(B类)(No.16QB1402200)资助项目.

Synthesis and Properties of Perfluorocyclobutyl Aryl Ether-Based Hydrophobic Polycarbonate

Hu Dana, Zhao Kunfenga,b,c, Tong Qina,b, He Dannonga,b,c   

  1. a National Engineering Research Center for Nanotechnology, Shanghai 200241;
    b School of Material Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240;
    c Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences, Shanghai 201318
  • Received:2018-12-28 Revised:2019-03-26 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-04-11
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201812048 E-mail:hdn_nercn@163.com;tongqin_7557@163.com
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Major National Scientific Research Projects (No. 2015CB931902) and the Shanghai Science and Technology Development Funds (No. 16QB1402200).

以商业化的对羟基苯甲醚为原料,合成了一种新型的含有全氟环丁基芳基醚结构的疏水性聚碳酸酯.该聚合物在不降低材料透明性的前提下,表现出了优异的热稳定性和疏水性,其热分解温度为351℃,涂膜与水的接触角为110°.为了进一步探究全氟环丁基芳基醚结构对聚碳酸酯的性能影响,以含有全氟环丁基芳基醚结构的单体和双酚A单体为原料,合成了一系列具有不同全氟环丁基芳基醚基团含量的聚碳酸酯.通过性能比较可知,将全氟环丁基芳基醚结构引入聚碳酸酯,能够降低聚碳酸酯的分散度,提高其热稳定性和疏水性.

关键词: 聚碳酸酯, 疏水性, 全氟环丁基芳基醚

A novel hydrophobic polycarbonate containing perfluorocyclobutyl (PFCB) aryl ether was synthesized from commercially available p-methoxyphenol. The polymer exhibited excellent thermal stability and hydrophobicity without reducing the transparency of the material. The thermal decomposition temperature was 351℃ and the contact angle between the film and water was 110°. In order to further explore the effect of PFCB aryl ether structure on the properties of polycarbonate, a series of polycarbonates with different PFCB aryl ether group contents were synthesized from PFCB aryl ether monomer and bisphenol A monomer. By comparing their properties, the introduction of PFCB aryl ether structure into polycarbonate can reduce its dispersion and improve its thermal stability and hydrophobicity.

Key words: polycarbonate, hydrophobicity, perfluorocyclobutyl aryl ether