有机化学 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (07): 1169-1185.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201204021 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

芴类化合物的研究新进展

霍延平a, 方小明a, 黄宝华a, 张焜a, 聂晓李a, 曾和平b   

  1. a 广东工业大学轻工化工学院 广州 510006;
    b 华南理工大学化学与化工学院 功能分子研究所 广州 510640
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-19 修回日期:2012-05-16 出版日期:2012-07-25 发布日期:2012-05-22
  • 通讯作者: 霍延平, 曾和平 E-mail:tigerhuo1974@yahoo.com.cn; huangbaoh@163.com; hpzeng@scut.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(Nos. 21172047, 21071054 );广东省科技项目(Nos. 2008B010800030, 2009B091300045)和华南理工大学中央高校基本科研业务费(Nos. 2009ZM0179)资助项目

New Progress of Researches in Fluorene Compounds

Huo Yanpinga, Fang Xiaominga, Huang Baohuaa, Zhang Kuna, NIE Xiaolia, Zeng Hepingb   

  1. a School of Chemical Engineering and Light Industry, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006;
    b Institute of Functional Molecular, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640
  • Received:2012-04-19 Revised:2012-05-16 Online:2012-07-25 Published:2012-05-22
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21172047, 21071054); the Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province (Nos. 2008B010800030, 2009B091300045) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of South China Uviversity of Technology (No. 2009ZM0179).

芴及其衍生物是一类重要的具有刚性平面联苯结构的化合物, 分子内含有较大的共轭体系,这种特殊的刚性稠环结构使芴类化合物表现出许多独特的光电性能及生物活性, 在光电材料、医药等多领域具有潜在的广泛应用. 更为重要的是芴类化合物易于进行结构修饰, 在芴环上可方便地引入各种功能基,芴类衍生物的合成及其开拓芴类化合物潜在的新用途, 成为近些年来十分活跃的研究领域, 且发展迅速.结合自己的工作, 参考国内外文献, 全面综述了芴类化合物在有机电致发光材料、双光子吸收材料、光致变色材料、太阳能电池材料和生物医药等领域的研究与开发新进展, 并对其发展趋势作了展望.

关键词: 芴, 有机发光材料, 太阳能电池, 双光子吸收, 光致变色, 生物传感器

Fluorene and its derivatives are important compounds, which have biphenyl structure with rigid plane,as well as large π-conjugated system. These special structures of fluorene compounds endow their distinct various functions, properties and biological activities, as well as wide potential application in photoelectrical materials, medicinal agents and so on. More importantly, the fluorene compounds are easily modified and various functional groups could be conveniently introduced into the fluorene ring. The syntheses of fluorene derivatives and their potential applications were extensively investigated and have been become highly active highlight in recent years, and the progress is quite rapid. Combining with our researches and referring other works from literatures, this paper systematically reviews the recent advance in the research and development of fluorene in organic electro-luminescence materials, two-photon absorbing materials, photochromic materials, solar cells, medicinal chemistry and so on. The perspectives of the foreseeable future are also presented.

Key words: fluorene, organic light emitting materials, solar cell, two-photon absorption, photochromic, biosensor