有机化学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 304-315.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201307050 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

硝基唑类含能化合物的合成研究进展

赵廷兴a, 李磊a, 董战a, 张勇b, 张光全b, 黄明b, 李鸿波a   

  1. a 西南科技大学材料科学与工程学院 绵阳 621010;
    b 中国工程物理研究院化工材料研究所 绵阳 621900
  • 收稿日期:2013-07-30 修回日期:2013-09-27 出版日期:2014-02-25 发布日期:2013-10-28
  • 通讯作者: 李鸿波 E-mail:li-honggg@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家重大科技专项(No.00402040103)和碳纳米材料四川省青年科技创新研究团队专项(No.2011JTD0017)资助项目.

Research Progress on the Synthesis of Energetic Nitroazoles

Zhao Tingxinga, Li Leia, Dong Zhana, Zhang Yongb, Zhang Guangquanb, Huang Mingb, Li Hongboa   

  1. a School of Material Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010;
    b Institute of Chemical Materials, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900
  • Received:2013-07-30 Revised:2013-09-27 Online:2014-02-25 Published:2013-10-28
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Key Projects (No. 00402040103) and the Youth Innovation Research Team of Sichuan for Carbon Nanomaterials (No. 2011JTD0017).

硝基唑类化合物在含能材料领域中应用较为广泛. 按直接硝化、间接硝化、硝基重排、其他方法将硝化方法进行分类,综述了吡唑、咪唑、三唑及四唑硝基衍生物的合成,并介绍了一些重要硝基唑类含能化合物的特性及主要应用.

关键词: 硝基, 唑, 含能化合物, 合成, 进展

Nitroazoles are widely used in energetic materials. Classified into direct nitration, indirect nitration, nitro rearrangement and other methods, the nitration methods for achieving nitro-derivatives of pyrazole, imidazole, triazole and tetrazole are summarized. The characteristics and main applications of some important energetic nitroazoles are also introduced.

Key words: nitryl, azole, energetic compounds, synthesis, progress