有机化学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (8): 1549-1572.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201402024 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

β-环糊精的固载及其应用最新研究进展

沈海民a, 纪红兵b, 武宏科a, 史鸿鑫a   

  1. a 浙江工业大学化学工程学院 杭州 310014;
    b 中山大学化学与化学工程学院 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2014-02-19 修回日期:2014-03-14 出版日期:2014-08-25 发布日期:2014-04-10
  • 通讯作者: 沈海民,史鸿鑫 E-mail:haimshen@zjut.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(No.21306176)和浙江工业大学科研启动基金(No.G2817101103)资助项目.

Recent Advances in the Immobilization of β-Cyclodextrin and Their Application

Shen Haimina, Ji Hongbingb, Wu Hongkea, Shi Hongxina   

  1. a College of Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014;
    b School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275
  • Received:2014-02-19 Revised:2014-03-14 Online:2014-08-25 Published:2014-04-10
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.21306176) and the Scientific Research Launching Foundation of Zhejiang University of Technology (No.G2817101103).

环糊精由于其优异的结构特征和物理化学性质,已成为构筑各种功能材料的优良结构单元.本综述以β-环糊精的共价固载为主,详细综述了目前β-环糊精的固载及其应用最新研究进展,主要包括固载化β-环糊精在环境污染物吸附、药物分子的负载和缓释、分析检测、手性分离、催化、织物整理和表面功能化等领域的应用.上述各部分,根据载体或应用方式的不同,系统介绍了β-环糊精的固载及固载化β-环糊精的性能.指出固载化β-环糊精在催化和表面功能化领域的应用虽然目前还处于起步阶段,却极具研究价值,对固载化β-环糊精进一步的功能化是今后基于β-环糊精构筑超分子仿生催化体系的主要研究方向.

关键词: β-环糊精, 固载, 应用, 进展

Cyclodextrin has become an excellent unit in the construction of various functional materials due to its unique structural characteristics and physical-chemical properties.Herein, the immobilization of β-cyclodextrin and their application at present have been reviewed in detail focusing on the covalent immobilization, especially including the application of the immobilized β-cyclodextrin in the environmental pollutants adsorption, drug loading and releasing, analysis and detection, chiral separation, catalysis, textile finishing, surface functionalization and so on.In the application mentioned above, the immobilization of β-cyclodextrin and their performance were presented systematically according to the supporter or application modes.It is pointed out that the applications of the immobilized β-cyclodextrin in catalysis and surface functionalization are just in their infancy, but having promising prospect.The further functionalization of the immobilized β-cyclodextrin will be the focus in the construction of supramolecular biomimetic catalytic systems based on β-cyclodextrin in future.

Key words: β-cyclodextrin, immobilization, application, advances