有机化学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 325-336.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201409001 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

环糊精及其衍生物催化的有机反应

洪诗斌a,b, 刘梦艳a,b, 张薇a,b, 邓维a,b   

  1. a 上海大学纳米科学与技术研究中心 上海 200444;
    b 上海应用技术学院化工学院 上海 201418
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-02 修回日期:2014-10-19 出版日期:2015-02-25 发布日期:2014-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 邓维 E-mail:dengwlcq@ustc.edu
  • 基金资助:

    上海市东方学者、上海市浦江学者、上海市教育委员会重点学科建设(No. J50704)和国家自然科学基金(Nos. 21102088, 21174081)资助项目.

Organic Reactions Catalyzed by Cyclodextrin and Its Derivatives

Hong Shibina,b, Liu Mengyana,b, Zhang Weia,b, Deng Weia,b   

  1. a Research Center of Nano Science and Technology, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444;
    b School of Chemical and Engineering, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai 201418
  • Received:2014-09-02 Revised:2014-10-19 Online:2015-02-25 Published:2014-11-05
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Eastern Scholar, Shanghai Pujiang Program, the Key Subject of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission (No. J50704), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21102088, 21174081).

环糊精及其衍生物能将有机小分子等包合进疏水空腔, 改变有机小分子在水中的溶解性, 还能通过电荷作用影响分子的电性环境. 环糊精还是天然的手性分子, 将环糊精及其衍生物用于催化有机反应不仅能使反应在温和的条件下得到良好的收率, 还能运用于不对称合成. 本文就近年来环糊精催化的有机反应分五部分概述: 非修饰环糊精、金属离子参与、无金属离子参与催化的有机反应以及它们在手性催化、光化学反应的运用.

关键词: 环糊精, 超分子, 有机合成, 催化反应, 不对称合成

Cyclodextrin (CD) and its derivatives catalyzed organic reactions, including asymmetric reactions, show mild conditions with good yield. This review is an overview of recent advances of CD catalyzed reactions, which is organized in the order of the following reaction types: the modified cyclodextrin catalyzed organic reaction, cyclodextrin catalyzed organic reaction of metal ion present, cyclodextrin catalyzed organic reaction without metal ion, and cyclodextrin catalyzed organic reactions in application of asymmetric synthesis and photochemical reactions.

Key words: cyclodextrin, supramolecule, organic synthesis, catalyst reactions, asymmetric synthesis