有机化学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 578-587.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201410046 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

基于中性铂炔基元的超分子有机金属凝胶研究进展

范文佳, 陈丽君, 杨海波   

  1. 华东师范大学化学系 上海市绿色化学与化工过程绿色化重点实验室 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-31 修回日期:2014-12-02 出版日期:2015-03-25 发布日期:2015-01-07
  • 通讯作者: 陈丽君, 杨海波 E-mail:hbyang@chem.ecnu.edu.cn;52130606022@ecnu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    上海市科委基础重点(No. 13JC1402200)与优秀博士学位论文培育行动计划(No. PY2014011)资助项目.

Supramolecular Organometallic Gels Based on Neutral Platinum-Acetylide Moiety

Fan Wenjia, Chen Lijun, Yang Haibo   

  1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Chemical Processes, Department of Chemistry, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062
  • Received:2014-10-31 Revised:2014-12-02 Online:2015-03-25 Published:2015-01-07
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Key Basic Research Project of Shanghai Science and Technology Commission (No. 13JC1402200) and the Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Cultivation Plan of Action (No. PY2014011).

作为一类经典的软物质材料, 超分子凝胶在催化、化学传感、药物释放等许多领域展示了广泛的应用前景. 最近人们研究发现, 在基元砌块中引入金属特别是过渡金属之后, 所形成的有机金属凝胶在光电材料、催化、磁性等方面具有独特的物理化学性质. 近年来, 电中性铂炔基元因其独特的线性结构、易合成及丰富的光物理性质在超分子化学及材料科学中被广泛应用. 总结了基于中性铂炔基元的超分子有机金属凝胶的构筑及其功能研究进展, 主要包括以苯撑共轭结构为核心骨架的铂炔有机金属凝胶以及官能团修饰的铂炔有机金属凝胶.

关键词: 超分子化学, 自组装, 有机金属凝胶, 铂炔基元, π-共轭体系

Supramolecular gels, as a family of classical soft materials, have received considerable attention because of their wide potential applications in catalysis, chemical sensing, drug delivery carrier, and many other areas. Recently, it was found that the introduction of metal moieties, especially the transition metal moieties into the gelator allows for the additional scope for tuning gel properties such as catalytic activity, magnetism, and photo- and electrochemistry. Neutral platinum-acetylide complex have been investigated in many respects from supramolecular chemistry to materials science during the past two decades because of their attractive properties such as well-defined linear geometry, synthetic accessibility and intriguing photoproperties. In this review article, we summarize the recent results in the investigation of supramolecular organometallic gels based on neutral platinum-acetylide moieties. These systems are classified based on the skeleton of the gelator building blocks and divided into two main parts, conjugated phenylene cored platinum-acetylide derivatives as well as other platinum-acetylide derivatives containing various functional groups.

Key words: supramolecular chemistry, self-assembly, organometallic gels, platinum-acetylide moiety, π-conjugated system