有机化学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 1858-1866.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201901001 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

3D打印技术在有机合成化学中的应用

赖石林a, 廖旭a, 张辉a, 蒋岩a, 刘源岗b, 王士斌a, 熊兴泉a   

  1. a 华侨大学材料科学与工程学院 厦门 361021;
    b 华侨大学化工学院 厦门 361021
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-02 修回日期:2019-03-12 出版日期:2019-07-25 发布日期:2019-03-29
  • 通讯作者: 刘源岗, 熊兴泉 E-mail:ygliu@hqu.edu.cn;xxqluli@hqu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    福建省自然科学基金(No.2016J01063)、福建省“高校新世纪优秀人才支持计划”(No.2012FJ-NCET-ZR03)和福建省“高校杰出青年科研人才培育计划”(No.11FJPY02)、“十三五”海洋经济创新发展示范(No.16PYY007SF17)以及“华侨大学研究生科研创新基金”资助项目.

Application of 3D Printing Technology in Organic Synthetic Chemistry

Lai Shilina, Liao Xua, Zhang Huia, Jiang Yana, Liu Yuangangb, Wang Shibina, Xiong Xingquana   

  1. a College of Materials Science and Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021;
    b College of Chemical Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021
  • Received:2019-01-02 Revised:2019-03-12 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-03-29
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201901001 E-mail:ygliu@hqu.edu.cn;xxqluli@hqu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (No. 2016J01063), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in Fujian Province (No. 2012FJ-NCET-ZR03) and the University Distinguished Young Research Talent Training Program of Fujian Province (No. 11FJPY02), the National Marine Economic Innovation and Development Project (No. 16PYY007SF17) and the Subsidized Project for Postgraduates' Innovative Fund in Scientific Research of Huaqiao University.

相对于传统的材料去除-切削加工技术,3D打印作为一种“自下而上”的材料累加制造方法,不仅操作简单、制造成本更低以及可实现快速生成,而且可实现复杂结构件的精确定制.因此,3D打印已成为第三次工业革命的代表性技术.近年来,化学家们将3D打印技术与有机合成相结合,在多通道异相催化剂和新型反应装置的研发设计等方面取得了积极的进展,进而使这项技术在有机合成领域中应用越来越广泛.对近年来基于3D打印技术的有机合成研究进展进行了综述,涵盖基于3D打印异相催化剂或催化剂载体、3D打印反应装置和3D打印流反应器,并对该领域的发展趋势进行了展望.

关键词: 3D打印技术, 3D打印催化剂, 3D打印反应器, 有机合成

Compared with traditional material removal-cutting method, 3D printing is a "bottom-up" material accumulation manufacturing technology. This novel technology is not only simple to operate, but also has a lower manufacturing cost and can be quickly generated. What's more, 3D printing technology can fabricate the be-spoke objects with intricate internal structures. Therefore, 3D printing has been a representative technology of the third industrial revolution. In recent years, chemists have combined 3D printing technology with organic synthesis and made many good achievements in the development of new multichannel heterogeneous catalysts and reaction devices, which has made this technology more and more widely used in the field of organic synthesis. In this review, the progress of the organic synthesis based on 3D printing technology from 2012 to 2018 are summarized, such as 3D-printed heterogeneous catalysts, 3D-printed devices and 3D-printed continuous flow microreactors. Furthermore, the development trends of this field in the future are also prospected.

Key words: 3D-printed technology, 3D-printed heterogeneous catalysts, 3D-printed microreactors, organic synthesis