有机化学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 2131-2138.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201904065 上一篇    下一篇

所属专题: 陈茹玉先生诞辰100周年

综述与进展

多组分反应:丰富生物质基平台分子高值化转化路线的新策略

徐静a, 范维刚b, 波波维奇·弗洛伦斯b, 葛诺伊夫b, 顾彦龙a   

  1. a 华中科技大学化学与化工学院 材料化学与服役失效湖北省重点实验室 武汉 430074;
    b 里昂大学法国国家科研中心 维勒班 69622
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-26 修回日期:2019-07-07 出版日期:2019-08-25 发布日期:2019-07-24
  • 通讯作者: 顾彦龙 E-mail:klgyl@hust.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(No.2171101076)资助项目.

Multicomponent Reactions: A New Strategy for Enriching the Routes of Value-Added Conversions of Bio-platform Molecules

Xu Jinga, Fan Weigangb, Popowycz Florenceb, Queneau Yvesb, Gu Yanlonga   

  1. a Hubei Key Laboratory of Material Chemistry and Service Failure, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China;
    b Entre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Lyon, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
  • Received:2019-04-26 Revised:2019-07-07 Online:2019-08-25 Published:2019-07-24
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201904065 E-mail:klgyl@hust.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 2171101076).

以廉价易得的可再生生物质基平台化合物为原料,通过多组分“一锅”反应合成结构复杂的产物已成为生物质高值化转化的重要手段之一.生物质基平台分子的多样性和多官能性为多组分反应的构建提供了传统方法难以提供的物质基础.介绍了以构建多组分反应的方式实现生物质基平台化合物高值化转化的典型案例,重点总结了近年来多元醇、二元酸、乙酰丙酸、糠醛衍生物等生物质基平台化合物参与的多组分反应,并对该方向的未来发展进行了展望.

关键词: 生物质基平台化合物, 多组分反应, 生物质转化, 绿色化学

Synthesis of complex molecules via multicomponent reactions (MCRs) in a one-pot reaction manner has emerged as an important means to realize the value-added conversion of cheap and easily available renewable bio-based platform molecules. The diversity and multi-functionality of these biomass-derived molecules provide a fascinating platform for establishing MCRs, and in many cases, the developed MCRs would not be attained from less functionalized substrates. This review introduces some typical examples for the conversion of biomass-derived platform compounds to high value-added products through MCRs. It mainly summarizes the MCRs developed by using polyols, dicarboxylic acids, levulinic acid and furfural derivatives as one of the starting substrates. At the end of this review, a perspective of this direction is also given.

Key words: biomass-derived platform molecules, multicomponent reactions (MCRs), biomass valorization, green chemistry