Chinese Journal of Organic Chemistry ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 1484-1501.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc202001018 Previous Articles     Next Articles


翟连杰a,b, 张俊林a,b, 张家荣a,b, 吴敏杰a,b, 毕福强a,b, 王伯周a,b   

  1. a 西安近代化学研究所 西安 710065;
    b 氟氮化工资源高效开发与利用国家重点实验室 西安 710065
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-12 修回日期:2020-02-27 发布日期:2020-03-06
  • 通讯作者: 毕福强, 王伯周;
  • 基金资助:

Progress in Synthesis and Properties of High Energy Density Compounds Regulated by N—F Bond

Zhai Lianjiea,b, Zhang Junlina,b, Zhang Jiaronga,b, Wu Minjiea,b, Bi Fuqianga,b, Wang Bozhoua,b   

  1. a Xi'an Modern Chemistry Research Instritute, Xi'an 710065;
    b State Key Laboratory of Fluorine & Nitrogen Chemical, Xi'an 710065
  • Received:2020-01-12 Revised:2020-02-27 Published:2020-03-06
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21805224).

Compared with the traditional N-O bond-based energetic materials, N-F bond-regulated energetic materials have received worldwide research interest due to their special features of high density, high specific impulse, and high heat release upon combustion with metals. The N-F bond-regulated energetic materials are classified as N-F azoles, (difluoroamino)dinitromethyl-substituted derivatives, gem-bis(difluoramino)-substituted derivatives, and difluoroamino polymers according to their structural characteristics. The recent developments of N-F bond and difluoramino (NF2) energetic derivatives are reviewed. The construction methodologies of N-F bond and difluoroamino groups as well as the synthetic routes to their energetic derivatives are emphatically reviewed. Moreover, the physicochemical and energetic properties of some typical compounds are briefly introduced. It will be the inevitable trend to develop effective, safe, and simple N-F bond and difluoraminiation preparation method, and novel high-performing N-F bond-based azoles and cyclic difluoramino-nitramines with moderate sensitivities and stable structures.

Key words: energetic materials, N-F bond compounds, difluoramino group, synthesis, detonation performances