Chinese Journal of Organic Chemistry ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (8): 2195-2207.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc202004030 Previous Articles     Next Articles

CO2活化和转化策略研究进展

陈凯宏a, 李红茹a,b, 何良年a   

  1. a 南开大学化学学院 元素有机化学国家重点实验室 天津 300071;
    b 南开大学药学院 天津 300353
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-19 修回日期:2020-05-22 出版日期:2020-08-25 发布日期:2020-06-01
  • 通讯作者: 何良年 E-mail:heln@nankai.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(No.21975135)和中国博士后科学基金(No.2018M641624)资助项目.

Advance and Prospective on CO2 Activation and Transformation Strategy

Chen Kaihonga, Li Hongrua,b, He Liangniana   

  1. a State Key Laboratory of Elemento-organic Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071;
    b College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin 300353
  • Received:2020-04-19 Revised:2020-05-22 Online:2020-08-25 Published:2020-06-01
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21975135) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2018M641624).

Climate change and depletion of fossil fuels have drawn considerable attention. Considering carbon dioxide is both the dominant greenhouse gas and renewable C1 source, CO2 valorization into valuable chemicals is considered to reconcile the environment benefit and sustainable chemistry development. Unfortunately, the thermodynamic stability and kinetic inertness of CO2 make its chemical transformation challenging. As a consequence, developing highly efficient catalytic systems and synthetic protocols is crucial for CO2 conversion. In recent years, He's group made great progress on strategy design and catalyst development for CO2 conversion. A series novel CO2 conversion strategies are proposed, including CO2 capture and in-situ transformation, hierarchical reductive functionalization of CO2, designing thermodynamically favorable reactions by multi-component cascade reaction and photo-promoted CO2 transformation. Concurrently, the corresponding highly efficient catalytic systems were also developed based on the reaction mechanism and thus CO2 transformation was successfully performed under mild conditions. It is hoped that this review can arouse broad concern on CO2 transformation and spur its further development.

Key words: carbon dioxide, capture, transformation, reduction, cascade reaction, photocatalysis, sustainable chemistry, synthetic method