Chin. J. Org. Chem. ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 2458-2466.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201902032 Previous Articles     Next Articles

REVIEW

甲醇低温脱氢均相过渡金属催化剂研究进展

张翔, 郭彩红, 武海顺   

  1. 山西师范大学化学与材料科学学院 磁性分子与磁信息材料教育部重点实验室 临汾 041004
  • 收稿日期:2019-02-26 修回日期:2019-03-27 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-04-11
  • 通讯作者: 郭彩红 E-mail:sxgch2006@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(No.21373131)资助项目.

Recent Developments of Homogeneous Transition-Metal Catalysts for Low Temperature Dehydrogenation of Methanol

Zhang Xiang, Guo Caihong, Wu Haishun   

  1. Key Laboratory of Magnetic Molecules, Magnetic Information Materials, Ministry of Education, School of Chemical and Material Science, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004
  • Received:2019-02-26 Revised:2019-03-27 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-04-11
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201902032 E-mail:sxgch2006@163.com
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21373131).

It is extremely urgent to develop green energy and find alternatives to fossil fuels since the energy shortage and environmental pollution become the worldwide concern. Methanol has emerged as a promising carrier for hydrogen storage owing to its high hydrogen density, simple structure and environmental friendly substance. The methanol reforming has triggered great efforts on the development of homogeneous catalysts, and the aim is to decrease methanol dehydrogenation reaction temperature and improve the selectivity. This review summarizes the recent research progresses in the homogeneously transition-metal catalyzed thermal dehydrogenation of methanol and aqueous methanol reforming. It mainly focuses on the structural characteristics of Ru, Rh, Ir, Fe and Mn-based complexes, catalytic reaction conditions, the reaction yield, and the catalytic reaction mechanism. The differences in the reactivities of these catalysts are analyzed and compared. Not only a summary is given, but also some perspectives and inspiration for improving the performance of aqueous methanol reforming catalysts for future research are discussed.

Key words: methanol, C-H activation, dehydrogenation, homogeneous catalyst, Ru