Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (9): 1073-1080.DOI: 10.6023/A1103286 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Full Papers

Nb2O5·nH2O-PtRu/C 的制备及其对甲醇氧化的催化作用

李伟伟a,b, 张向军a, 卢世刚a   

  1. a. 北京有色金属研究总院 动力电池研究中心 北京 100088;
    b. 新乡学院化学与化工学院 河南新乡 453000
  • 投稿日期:2011-09-28 修回日期:2011-12-17 发布日期:2012-01-14
  • 通讯作者: 张向军
  • 基金资助:

    国家高技术研究发展计划(863 计划)(No. 2007AA03Z245)资助项目.

Preparation and Activity of Nb2O5·nH2O-PtRu/C for Methanol Oxidation

Li Weiweia,b, Zhang Xiangjuna, Lu Shiganga   

  1. a. R&D Centre for Vehicle Battery and Energy Storage, General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, Beijing 100088;
    b. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering of Xinxiang University, Xinxiang 453000, Henan
  • Received:2011-09-28 Revised:2011-12-17 Published:2012-01-14
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program (No. 2007AA03Z245).

10%Nb2O5·nH2O-20%Pt10%Ru/C electro-catalyst for methanol oxidation was prepared by deposition method, followed with heat treatment in Ar atmosphere. The effect of heat treatment on morphology, structure and electrochemistry performance of the product was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperograms. No diffraction peaks of Ru were observed in the XRD patterns, while all the peaks of Pt were in accordance with the face centered cubic crystal structure. The binding energy of Pt was not affected by Nb2O5·nH2O. Compared with 20%Pt10%Ru/C, in 10%Nb2O5·nH2O-20%Pt10%Ru/C samples, the activated particles were uniformly dispersed, and the performances of methanol oxidation and resistance to “CO” were better. The results indicated that the introduction of Nb2O5·nH2O inhibited the growth of active particles, and decreased the alloying degree of Pt-Ru during heat treatment. Besides, Nb2O5·nH2O also provided active “-OH” and improved H+ transfer, leading to easier adsorption-desorption of methanol and its oxidation intermediates.

Key words: heat treatment, methanol, Nb2O5·nH2O, PtRu/C