Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (03): 331-338.DOI: 10.6023/A1107251 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Full Papers


郝志显, 程艺艺, 王乐乐, 王晓岗, 朱志荣, 甘礼华, 徐子颉, 陈龙武   

  1. 同济大学化学系 上海 200092
  • 投稿日期:2011-07-25 修回日期:2011-09-09 发布日期:2011-09-26
  • 通讯作者: 郝志显
  • 基金资助:

    上海市自然科学基金(No. 09ZR1434100)资助项目.

Synthesis of Urea-Formaldehyde Resin Microspheres under Surfactant Conditions

Hao Zhixian, Cheng Yiyi, Wang Lele, Wang Xiaogang, Zhu Zhirong, Gan Lihua, Xu Zijie, Chen Longwu   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092
  • Received:2011-07-25 Revised:2011-09-09 Published:2011-09-26
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai Municipality (No. 09ZR1434100).

The synthesis of urea-formaldehyde resin microspheres has been conducted with different surfactants under the acidic conditions. Narrow size distributions of resin microspheres are obtained in the presence of neutral surfactant Tween80 and cationic CTAB, while in that of anionic surfactant the resin product displays severe aggregation. After the prepolymer particles develop under conditions of neutral or cationic surfactant, the dispersity and spherical integrity of the microspheres improve significantly. Crystallinity of the microsphere products increases and the initial reaction rate slows in the presence of surfactant. In the case of neutral or cationic surfactant, the induction period of the prepolymer particles extends, the Raman absorption enhances, and the charge of the particles is positive, however, in the case of anion surfactant, the results are opposite to that described above. These results could be explained by the influence of surfactant amphiphilic and electrical properties on the nucleation and growth process of urea-formaldehyde resin microspheres.

Key words: urea-formaldehyde resin microsphere, Tween, SDBS, CTAB