Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (11): 1500-1504.DOI: 10.6023/A13070776 Previous Articles     Next Articles



金莎, 潘元佳, 汪长春   

  1. 聚合物分子工程国家重点实验室 复旦大学高分子科学系 上海 200433
  • 投稿日期:2013-07-24 发布日期:2013-08-21
  • 通讯作者: 汪长春
  • 基金资助:

    项目受863 (No. 2012AA020204)及国家自然科学基金(Nos. 21034003, 21128001, 51073040)资助.

Reflux Precipitation Polymerization:A New Technology for Preparation of Monodisperse Polymer Nanohydrogels

Jin Sha, Pan Yuanjia, Wang Changchun   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers and Department of Macromolecule Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:2013-07-24 Published:2013-08-21
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by National Science and Technology Key Project of China (No. 2012AA020204), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21034003, 21128001 and 51073040).

Monodisperse polymer microspheres have been widely used in chromatography separation, coating additives, biological separation and targeted drug delivery due to their varying properties, such as the various morphology, well-defined composition, functional surface and biocompatibility. Recently, the preparation of monodisperse polymer microspheres and nanohydrogels has attracted great interests. Considering the shortage of the preparation method of the polymer nanohydrogels, we developed a new technique—reflux precipitation polymerization—for preparation of monodisperse and biocompatible polymer nanohydrogels. A typical procedure for the reflux precipitation polymerization is described as follows: Firstly, a suitable amount of monomers[MAA (methacrylic acid) and DVB (divinylbenzene)] and initiator[AIBN (2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile)] dissolved in acetonitrile was added into a round-bottom flask configured with a condenser. When the reaction temperature increased to the boiling point of the solution for about 5 min, the initially transparent reaction solution became milky white, and the reaction was continued for another 2 h. Then the resultant microspheres were separated and purified by repeating ultra-centrifugation (12000 r/min for 3 min)-decanting-redispersion (in ethanol with ultrasonic bathing) for three times. The morphology and particle size distribution of PMAA nanohydrogels were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Compared to the traditional precipitation polymerization and distillation-precipitation polymerization, this new method has many merits, such as high efficiency, good repeatability and easy operation, which can be used to high efficient preparation of polymer nanohydrogels and the related composite microspheres. Through testing the reaction conditions, such as reaction time, solid content, cross-linker content and solvent mixture, we successfully prepared the monodisperse PMAA nanohydrogels, and obtained the fundamental rule for the morphology control. We found that the diameter of PMAA nanohydrogels became larger and larger as the reaction time extended or the solid content and/or the ratio of good solvent of polymer increased. The particle size distribution of the PMAA nanohydrogels became poor if the solid content or the cross-linker content was beyond a certain threshold. These nanohydrogels and the related composite microspheres prepared by this new technique will be widely used in the biomedical fields.

Key words: reflux precipitation polymerization, nanohydrogels, functional microspheres, poly(methacrylic acid)