Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (1): 30-34.DOI: 10.6023/A17060279 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Article

Ni和P微量掺杂的Pd基催化剂对碱性介质中乙醇电氧化性能的增强效应研究

朱婵, 海洋, 赵志刚, 阳耀月   

  1. 西南民族大学 化学与环境保护工程学院 成都 610041
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-26 出版日期:2018-01-15 发布日期:2017-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 阳耀月 E-mail:yaoyueyoung@swun.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No.21603177)、四川省科技项目(No.2016JY0212)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金项目(No.2017NGJPY05)和西南民族大学学生创新项目(No.201610656050)资助.

Preliminary Study of Ni and P Low-doped Pd-based Electrocatalysts Toward Ethanol Oxidation Reaction in Alkaline Media

Zhu Chan, Hai Yang, Zhao Zhigang, Yang Yaoyue   

  1. College of Chemistry and Environmental Protection Engineering, Southwest Minzu University, Chengdu 610041
  • Received:2017-06-26 Online:2018-01-15 Published:2017-10-10
  • Contact: 10.6023/A17060279 E-mail:yaoyueyoung@swun.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21603177), the Natural Science Foundation of Sichuan Province (No. 2016JY0212), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2017NGJPY05) and the Innovation Funds for SMU students (No. 201610656050).

Among currently reported anodic nano-alloy electrocatlysts for direct alkaline ethanol fuel cells (DAEFCs), the mass fraction (w) of co-catalysts is generally larger than 20%. This could increase the thickness of the catalyst layer in Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA), which not only decreases the discharge voltage of fuel cells, also reduces the utilization of the noble metals such as Pt and Pd. To solve this problem, here we synthesized a series of Pd-Ni-P alloy electrocatalysts with ultra-low doping amount of Ni and P, using ca. 1.5 mg NaH2PO2 as reducing agent. To obtain different doping amount of Ni and P, the pH value of the synthetic solution was adjusted from 8 to 12 by 0.1 mol/L NaOH. Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) results showed that the mass fraction of Ni and P were low to 0.2% and 0.05%, respectively, when the pH value of the synthetic solution is 10. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) images showed that nanoparticles were distributed evenly on the carbon base, and their mean particle sizes increased from ca. 3.78 nm to ca. 5.4 nm with alkalinity of synthetic solutions increasing. Cyclic Voltammograms in 0.5 mol/L CH3CH2OH+1 mol/L NaOH solution revealed that the catalyst obtained under the pH 10 synthetic solution (hereafter denoted as Pd-Ni-P/C-pH10) gave a highest apparent current density of ca. 2466 mA•mg-1 Pd, nearly 2.7 times in respect of that of the commercial Pd/C catalyst (JM). Meanwhile, the durability of Pd-Ni-P/C-pH10 for ethanol oxidation was improved by ca. 2.8 times compared to commercial catalyst. Relative to pure Pd, the binding energy of Pd 3d5/2of as-prepared catalysts all positively shifted, suggesting an obvious electronic interaction between Pd, Ni and P component in as-prepared catalysts. This interaction could led to a shift of the d-band center of Pd component, which may play a pivotal and dominated role in improving the catalytic performance for the ethanol electrooxidation in alkaline media.

Key words: low-doping alloy, electrocatalysts, ethanol oxidation reaction, alkaline media, enhanced performance