Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (5): 366-376.DOI: 10.6023/A18020050 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review

一步碳化多孔有机材料制备多孔碳及其性能的研究

闫婷婷, 邢国龙, 贲腾   

  1. 吉林大学化学学院 长春 130012
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-01 出版日期:2018-05-15 发布日期:2018-04-09
  • 通讯作者: 贲腾,E-mail:tben@jlu.edu.cn E-mail:tben@jlu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:闫婷婷,2013年本科毕业于牡丹江师范学院;同年进入吉林大学学习,攻读硕士学位;2015年直博,博士期间主要研究方向是设计合成与制备多孔有机骨架,以及多孔有机骨架衍生的多孔碳的制备及性质的研究;邢国龙,2012年本科毕业于吉林大学;2012年至今于吉林大学学习,攻读博士学位.博士期间主要研究方向是多孔有机骨架,多孔有机盐的合成及其性质的探究;贲腾,2002年吉林大学博士毕业.2005年-2008年,在Nagoyauniversity从事博士后研究工作.2005年,吉林大学副教授.2010年,教授,博士生导师.主要研究方向为多孔有机骨架的制备和性能的研究,以及手性高分子材料的诱导制备与应用.
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(Nos.21390394,21471065)和“111”计划(No.B07016)的资助.

One-step Strategy to Synthesize Porous Carbons by Carbonized Porous Organic Materials and Their Applications

Yan Tingting, Xing Guolong, Ben Teng   

  1. College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012
  • Received:2018-02-01 Online:2018-05-15 Published:2018-04-09
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21390394, 21471065) and the "111" project (No. B07016).

It is an effective way to solve the problems of environmental pollution and energy shortage by exploring and utilizing clean, renewable energy. Porous carbons which prepared by carbonized porous organic materials with high carbon content, have high specific surface area, good physical and chemical stability, and excellent mechanical performance, generally higher conductivity, therefore can be widely used in many fields, such as clean energy storage, different gases separation, and energy storage and conversion, etc. The common methods for preparing porous carbon from porous organic materials are divided into non-activated carbonization and activation carbonization. The morphology and pore structure of porous carbons which prepared by different preparation methods are different. The structure properties of porous carbon materials can affect their application. Reasonable design and utilization of the "pore" of porous carbon, displaying "sieving effect" of pore size can effectively store and separate the gas molecules. In the field of energy storage and conversion, such as lithium battery, the "confinement effect" is an important factor that affects the electrical performance of lithium battery. The smaller pores in the porous carbon materials can limited the active components, while the larger pores are in favor of rapidly diffusion, the synergistic effect of the two different type pores can greatly improve the electrical performance of lithium battery. This review systematically summarize the preparation methods of porous carbons derived from porous organic materials, and a brief comparison of different methods for preparing porous carbon is presented which proved that carbonized porous organic materials is a simple, efficient, environmentally friendly, and controllable pore structure method for the preparation of porous carbon with excellent performance. Then, the review describes in detail about the application of porous carbons in gas adsorption, storage, separation, energy storage and conversion. At the last, combination with the research status of porous carbons, the review points out the challenges for porous carbons, and also prospects the application of porous carbons.

Key words: porous organic materials, porous carbons, gas adsorption, carbonization, electrochemistry