Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2019, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (6): 485-499.DOI: 10.6023/A19010019 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review

分子电子学的新进展

许晓娜a, 韩宾b, 于曦b, 朱艳英a   

  1. a 燕山大学物理系 秦皇岛 066004;
    b 天津大学化学系 天津市分子光电科学重点实验室 天津 300072
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-10 出版日期:2019-06-15 发布日期:2019-03-12
  • 通讯作者: 于曦, 朱艳英 E-mail:xi.yu@tju.edu.cn;yywlxzyy@163.com
  • 作者简介:许晓娜,在读硕士研究生.主要从事分子电子学器件电荷输运机理的研究;于曦,天津大学理学院化学系,天津市分子光电科学重点实验室教授,博导.2012年获麻省大学阿默斯特分校化学系博士,之后去以色列Weizmann研究所材料与界面系,做博士后.主要研究方向:分子尺度电子学,电荷传递-分子振动相互作用,量子输运与量子动力学,有机电子学与柔性电子学,自组装光电功能材料;朱艳英,燕山大学理学院物理系教授,博导.主要从事光镊及表面增强拉曼方向的研究
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No.21773169)资助.

New Progress in Molecular Electronics

Xu Xiaonaa, Han Binb, Yu Xib, Zhu Yanyinga   

  1. a Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China;
    b Tianjin Key Laboratory of Molecular Optoelectronic Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
  • Received:2019-01-10 Online:2019-06-15 Published:2019-03-12
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21773169).

Molecular-scale electronics studies the charge transport properties across molecules by constructing "elec-trode-molecule-electrode" junctions based on the molecular electrodes and single molecule or small amounts of molecular aggregates. It examines the structure-property relationship between the physical and chemical properties of the molecule and the charge transport by combining the intrinsic chemical properties of molecule with device architecture, reveals the micro-scale quantum transport mechanics principle, and explores molecular-based functional electronic devices. It is a research field that integrates chemistry, physics and microelectronics. In this review, we summarize some of the representative progress of molecular electronics in basic research (device preparation, transport mechanism) and applications in recent years.

Key words: molecular electronics, device construction, charge transport mechanism