Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 79 ›› Issue (9): 1173-1179.DOI: 10.6023/A21050242 Previous Articles    



马智烨a,b, 叶丽a,*(), 吴雨桓a, 赵彤a,b,*()   

  1. a 中国科学院化学研究所 极端环境高分子材料重点实验室 北京 100190
    b 中国科学院大学 化学科学学院 北京 100049
  • 投稿日期:2021-05-31 发布日期:2021-07-23
  • 通讯作者: 叶丽, 赵彤
  • 基金资助:

Preparation and Photocatalytic Performance of B,N-SnO2/TiO2 Photocatalyst

Zhiye Maa,b, Li Yea(), Yuhuan Wua, Tong Zhaoa,b()   

  1. a Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on High-tech Polymer Materials, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    b School of Chemical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-05-31 Published:2021-07-23
  • Contact: Li Ye, Tong Zhao
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(21604090)

In order to improve the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 under visible light, B,N-codoped SnO2/TiO2 (B,N-SnO2/TiO2) powder photocatalysts were prepared by polymer precursor method, and to further improve the practicability of B,N-SnO2/TiO2 photocatalyst, alumina fabrics immobilized B,N-SnO2/TiO2 catalyst was prepared by precursor impregnation and pyrolysis method. The typical experimental procedure for synthesis of B,N-SnO2/TiO2 powder photocatalysts is as follows: First, tetrapropylorthotitanate (TNPT) was mixed with PEG-600 and Sn(OPr)4 under magnetic stirring and refluxed for 2 h. Then boric acid was added. Acetamide and acetylacetone were added to the system after boric acid was dissolved completely. Finally, a mixture of deionized water and n-propanol were added dropwise. The whole solution were reflux for 1 h and then the B,N-SnO2/TiO2 precursor was obtained by rotary evaporation method. The precursor was placed in a quartz tube furnace and calcined at a heating rate of 3 ℃/min to 450 ℃ for 30 min to obtain B,N-SnO2/TiO2 powder type photocatalyst. Supported photocatalysts was prepared as follows: The precursor solution of B,N-SnO2/TiO2 was diluted with n-propanol and heated at 100 ℃ for 1 h. The alumina fabrics was immersed in the loaded solution and heated at 100 ℃ for 1 h. Then the precursor immersed fabrics was dried by rotary evaporation method. Supported photocatalysts were obtained by calcining the dried fabrics at 450 ℃ for 30 min in air atmosphere. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectra (UV-DRS). B,N-SnO2/TiO2 powder photocatalysts were predominantly homogeneous anatase phase. The introduction of boron inhibited the growth of anatase phase crystal, and the grain size was 15 nm, showing a stacking structure. The results of HRTEM and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) showed that SnO2 and TiO2 constructed heterostructure, and the doped elements existed and distributed evenly. Boron and nitrogen co-doping and heterojunction structure effectively improved the separation ability of photogenerated carriers. The photocatalytic activities of B,N-SnO2/TiO2 powder photocatalysts were investigated using ofloxacin solution as simulated pollutant. The results indicated that the degradation ratio of ofloxacin reached 98.3% in 15 min under visible light. The B,N-SnO2/TiO2-loaded Al2O3 fabrics also showed excellent photocatalytic performance, with a thickness of about 100 nm powder photocatalysts on the surface of Al2O3 fabrics, and the heterostructure still existed. The results showed that the degradation rate of ofloxacin was 68.7% under visible light irradiation for 120 min, and the photocatalytic performance was almost unchanged after repeated use for 21 times.

Key words: TiO2, SnO2, ofloxacin, loaded, visible light catalytic degradation