Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (01): 102-106.DOI: 10.6023/A12090733 Previous Articles     Next Articles



刘继青, 张琰图, 袁亚飞, 左伟伟   

  1. 延安大学化学与化工学院 延安 716000
  • 投稿日期:2012-09-29 发布日期:2012-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 张琰图
  • 基金资助:
    项目受陕西省自然科学基金(No. 2009JM2009)、陕西省教育厅专项科研计划(No. 2010JK924)、延安市科技局专项计划(No. 2010Kg-06)及延安大学研究生教育创新计划(No. 2012SXTS11)资助.

A Nano-Co3O4-Based Low Temperature Cataluminescence Sensor for the Detection of Gaseous Ethyl Ether

Liu Jiqing, Zhang Yantu, Yuan Yafei, Zuo Weiwei   

  1. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yan’an University, Yan’an 716000
  • Received:2012-09-29 Published:2012-12-10
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province (No. 2009JM2009), the Shaanxi Education Committee (No. 2010JK924), the Yan’an Science and Technology Bureau (No. 2010Kg-06) and the Graduate Education Innovation Fund of Yan'an University (No. 2012SXTS11).

Based on the cataluminescence (CTL) reaction of ethyl ether on nano-Co3O4, we developed a direct gas sensor for monitoring ethyl ether in air. According to the high CTL intensity and well selectivity of ethyl ether on chain-ball nano-Co3O4 at low temperature, a stable and high sensitive gas sensor for ethyl ether was constructed. In our work, we synthesized the nano-Co3O4 material, which was characterized by XRD and SEM. For the fabrication of the sensor, Co3O4 nanomaterial was directly coated on the heating ceramic chip to form a layer of catalysts with a thickness of 0.1 mm. Then, the Co3O4 coated heating ceramic chip was inserted into a quartz tube with an inner-diameter of 12 mm, and the temperature of Co3O4 layer was controlled by the digital heater. When gas samples passed through the Co3O4 material in the quartz tube by the air flow, the CTL was generated during the catalytic oxidation on the surface of Co3O4. The CTL signals were recorded by BPCL Ultra Weak Chemiluminescence Analyzer, and the data was processed by Origin 6.0. The optimized conditions were as follows: the heated temperature was at 176 ℃, the wavelength was 440 nm, and the air flow rate was 180 mL/min. The linear range of CTL intensity versus concentration of ethyl ether vapor was 4.0~1500 ppm (R=0.9993) with a detection limit of 1.67 ppm (3σ). In addition, the response time was less than 2 s, and recoveries of artificial samples by this method were 97.3%~103.0%. Furthermore, another eleven volatile organic compounds including ammonia, benzene, formaldehyde, trichloromethane, acetonitrile, acetaldehyde, acetic acid, ethanol, acetone, tetrachloromethane and ethyl acetate were detected by this sensor, which indicated the little disturbance by ethanol, acetone, tetrachloromethane and ethyl acetate (<0.8%), while no remarkable signals were observed for the other seven compounds. After a continuous analysis of more than 140 h, the CTL signals remained stable, which demonstrated the longevity and steady performance of this sensor. At last, the products were analyzed to demonstrate the possible mechanism of the CTL oxidation of ethyl ether on the surface of Co3O4.

Key words: ethyl ether, cataluminescence, nanosized Co3O4, gas sensor, low temperature