Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (6): 682-688.DOI: 10.6023/A14020101 Previous Articles     Next Articles



王媛a, 石晓燕b   

  1. a. 贵州大学化学与化工学院 贵阳 550025;
    b. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 北京 100085
  • 投稿日期:2014-02-13 发布日期:2014-05-27
  • 通讯作者: 王媛
  • 基金资助:


Photochemical Degradation of Perfluorocarboxylic Acids Induced by Ferric Ion:Effects of pH and Carbon Chain

Wang Yuana, Shi Xiaoyanb   

  1. a. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025;
    b. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085
  • Received:2014-02-13 Published:2014-05-27
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by Guizhou University Talent Introduction Project (No.2010009), Natural Science Foundation of Guizhou Province (No.20112066), State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Sources and Control of Air Pollution Complex (No.SCAPC201302) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.21267006).

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), as a typical perfluorinated compounds, is one kind of emerging persistent pollutants appearing in natural water.The existence of ferric ion in aquatic system improves the degradation of PFOA under the irradiation of 254 nm UV light.pH is an important factor for not only the distribution of photo activity species of ferric ion but also the degradation of PFOA.When the initial pH of reaction solution was 2.53, 3.04 and 3.71, respectively, PFOA was decomposed effectively and no obvious difference was observed whether for the degradation ratio of PFOA or for its corresponding defluorination ratio.On the contrary, when pH was 4.92 and 7.05, respectively, the degradation and defluorination of PFOA was inhibited markedly, which further confirmed that dissoluble iron played a key role in the decomposition of PFOA.And Fe(OH)2+ was the dominant species of the hydroxy complexes of Fe3+.At the same time, the degradation of short chain PFCAs bearing C4~C7 caused by ferric ions under the irradiation of 254 nm UV light was also investigated.As for PFCAs with C6~C8, the degradation ratio at 240 min was as follows: PFOA > PFHpA > PFHxA, which showed that the longer the carbon chain was, the easier the degradation of PFCAs was.While, for PFCAs with the number of carbon element less than 6, their degradation ratio at 240 min was as follows: PFHxA > PFBA > PFPeA.The relationship between the degradation of PFCAs and the length of carbon chain of PFCAs was not clear.More short chain PFCAs were identified by LC/MS as the primary intermediates of these short chain PFCAs.Based on these, it was proposed that the degradation of PFCAs bearing C4~C8 was mainly caused by the formation of complexes between ferric ion and PFCAs, and then hydroxyl radical formed from photolysis of Fe(OH)2+ and the redox cycle of Fe2+/Fe3+ further improved their degradation.As a result, PFCAs were decomposed step by step.

Key words: perfluorooctanoic acid, short-chain perfluorocarboxylic acid, ferric ion, UV light, decomposition mechanism