Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (6): 530-540.DOI: 10.6023/A15020096 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 共价有机多孔聚合物



谭良骁, 谭必恩   

  1. 华中科技大学 化学与化工学院 武汉 430074
  • 投稿日期:2015-02-03 发布日期:2015-03-16
  • 通讯作者: 谭必恩
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(Nos. 21474033, 51273074, 51173058)和新世纪优秀人才计划(No. NCET-10-0389)资助.

Research Progress in Hypercrosslinked Microporous Organic Polymers

Tan Liangxiao, Tan Bien   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074
  • Received:2015-02-03 Published:2015-03-16
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21474033, 51273074, 51173058) and the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (No. NCET-10-0389).

Hypercrosslinked microporous polymers are currently an important class of porous polymer materials and receiving great interest due to their advantages such as high surface area, moderate synthetic conditions and diverse building blocks. According to the difference between the synthetic methods, hypercrosslinked polymers are mainly prepared by the following three strategies: polymer precursor post-crosslinking, one-step self-polycondensation of multifunctional monomers and external crosslinker knitting rigid aromatic compounds. In this review, we introduce the development of hypercrosslinked polymer in detail as well as investigate various synthetic methods and polymer networks with controlled micro-morphology, the broad practical and potential applications including gas storage, adsorption, separation and heterogeneous catalysis were also discussed. In the end, we talk about the disadvantage of hypercrosslinked polymers and challenges in the future as well as predict the further development on synthesis and application.

Key words: microporous, hypercrosslinked polymers, post-crosslinking, self-polycondensation, external crosslinking