Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (11): 1213-1222.DOI: 10.6023/A20060259 Previous Articles     Next Articles



马秋琳, 冯楠, 鞠熀先   

  1. 南京大学化学化工学院 生命分析化学国家重点实验室 南京 210023
  • 投稿日期:2020-06-22 发布日期:2020-08-26
  • 通讯作者: 鞠熀先;Tel.:025-89683593
  • 作者简介:马秋琳,2017年本科毕业于北京师范大学化学学院,2017-2020年为南京大学化学化工学院硕士研究生,主要从事前列腺癌肿瘤标志物的检测方法研究.;冯楠,2016年本科毕业于南京大学化学化工学院,2016年至今在南京大学攻读博士学位,研究方向为生物质谱分析与质谱传感.;鞠熀先,1986、1989、1992年分别获南京大学理学学士、硕士、博士学位,后留校任教,1993年为副教授,1999年聘为教授、博士生导师.2003年获国家杰出青年科学基金,2007年遴选为"长江学者"特聘教授,2005~2014年主持国家自然科学基金创新研究群体项目、2009~2014年主持"973"计划项目.现为生命分析国家重点实验室主任、国际电化学会会士、英国皇家化学会会士.研究方向为分子诊断与生物分析化学,主要研究领域为免疫分析、细胞分析化学、纳米生物传感和临床分子诊断.至2020年9月,发表论文720篇,出版中英文专著11部,Web of Science检索他引31000多次,h-index为93(Google Scholar引用38000多次,h-index 102).
  • 基金资助:

Advances in Analytical Methodology of Prostate Cancer Markers

Ma Qiulin, Feng Nan, Ju Huangxian   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2020-06-22 Published:2020-08-26
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21635005, 21827812, 21890741).

The detection of tumor markers plays an important role in the screening, early diagnosis and treatment of high-risk cancer patients. Prostatic cancer is one of the most common malignancies of the male genitourinary system, and has an increasing trend in recent years. Its morbidity is generally influenced by region and ethnicity. The common clinical markers of prostate cancer include prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), alpha-formyl kievase A mesozyme (AMACR, P504S), prostate-acid phosphatase (PAP), and calcium phosphatidyl binding protein 3 (ANXA3). Most of these markers are composed of proteins or enzymes, which are produced by normal or cancerous prostate cells. Of these, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and prostate-acid phosphatase (PAP) are considered to be the most meaningful markers of the prostatic cancer. Detection of PSA is widely used in the early detection and monitoring of prostate cancer patients, while analysis of PAP is often used to detect advanced prostate cancer metastases and evaluate the therapeutic effect. Therefore, the analysis of PSA and PAP in the human serum is of great significance for the monitoring of disease status in clinical diagnosis and treatment. In this review the recent advances in the methodological study for detection of prostate cancer markers are reviewed along with the description of their structures and biological functions. The detection technologies of prostate-specific antigen and prostate acid phosphatase are emphatically introduced, which mainly contain colorimetric techniques, electrochemical methods, fluorescence methods and surface resonance plasmon techniques. On the basis of summarizing the research progress in this field in recent decades, the future development of prostate cancer marker analysis is prospected. This review is expected to provide a useful guidance for the study of prostate cancer markers.

Key words: cancer markers, prostate cancer, prostate-specific antigen, prostatic acid phosphatase, detection methododology