Chinese Journal of Organic Chemistry ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (11): 3162-3168.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201905031 Previous Articles     Next Articles

γ-硝基腈合成4, 5-二氢吡咯衍生物

文婷, 康梦, 陈战国*()   

  1. 陕西师范大学化学化工学院 陕西省大分子科学重点实验室 西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-14 发布日期:2019-07-17
  • 通讯作者: 陈战国
  • 基金资助:

Synthesis of 4, 5-Dihydropyrrole from γ-Nitro-nitrile

Wen Ting, Kang Meng, Chen Zhanguo*()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119
  • Received:2019-05-14 Published:2019-07-17
  • Contact: Chen Zhanguo
  • Supported by:
    the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province(2009JM2011)

A new method for the synthesis of 4, 5-dihydropyrrole derivatives from γ-nitro-nitriles is described. In this procedure, the nitro groups of nitro-nitriles were reduced into aminoes under Fe+HCl systerm in methanol at 30℃ firstly. And then the amino-groups reacted with cyano groups to form target compounds via intramolecular nucleophilic addition reaction and rearrangement reaction. Under the optimized conditions, all γ-nitro-nitriles can be easily converted into 4, 5-dihydropyrrole derivatives in satisfactory yield. It shows that the reaction has better universality. Based on the experimental results, the possible reaction mechanism was proposed.

Key words: 4, 5-dihydropyrrole derivative, γ-nitro-nitrile, malonitrile, ethyl cyanoacetate