Chin. J. Org. Chem. ›› 2003, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (10): 1139-1141. Previous Articles     Next Articles

1,3,3-三硝基氮杂环丁烷的合成

舒远杰;李洪珍;黄奕刚;刘世俊;蒋青;谢明贵   

  1. 中国工程物理研究院化工材料研究所;四川大学化学学院
  • 出版日期:2003-10-25 发布日期:2003-10-25

Synthesis of 1,3,3-Trinitroazetidine

Shu Yuanjie;Li Hongzhen;Huang Yigang;Liu Shijun;Jiang Qing;Xie Minggui   

  1. Institute of Chemical Materials, Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics;Faulty of Chemistry, Sichuan University
  • Online:2003-10-25 Published:2003-10-25

As an important high density energetic material, synthesis and application of 1,3,3-trinitroazetidine (TNAZ) are desirable. In this paper TNAZ was synthesized in 34% overall yield using a five-step synthetic route starting from nitromethane, paraformalclehyde and ten - butylamine. The structures of intermediates and TNAZ were determined by IR, ~1H NMR, ~(13)C NMR and MS spectra. Except the third and fifth steps, water was used as reaction media, which decreased production cost of TNAZ and environmental pollution. The conditions and factors on reaction conversion rate were also discussed.

Key words: NITROGEN HETEROCYCLICS;NITRO COMPOUNDS;CYCLOBUTANE P;METHANE P, POLYOXYMETHYLENE;BUTANAMINE;IR;1HNMR

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