Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (05): 793-797.DOI: 10.6023/A12110915 Previous Articles     Next Articles



张煜, 刘兆阅, 翟锦   

  1. 北京航空航天大学化学与环境学院 仿生智能科学与技术教育部重点实验室 北京 100191
  • 投稿日期:2012-11-13 发布日期:2013-03-01
  • 通讯作者: 刘兆阅,;翟锦,; Tel: 010-82318212;
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No. 21073009), 博士点基金(No. 30400002011127001), 国家重大基础研究发展规划项目(973项目) (No. 2011CB935704), 国家重大基础研究发展规划项目(973项目) (No. 2012CB720904)和新世纪优秀人才支持计划资助.

Preparation of Cu2O/TiO2 Nanotube Arrays Heterojunction and Their Photoelectrochemical Response in Visible Light

Zhang Yu, Liu Zhaoyue, Zhai Jin   

  1. School of Chemistry and Environment, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2012-11-13 Published:2013-03-01
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21073009), the Ph.D. Programs Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (No. 30400002011127001), the National Research Fund for Fundamental Key Projects (No. 2011CB935704), the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2012CB720904) and New Century Excellent Talents in University.

Self-organized highly oriented TiO2 nanotube arrays have been obtained by anodization of a Ti sheet in fluoride-containing electrolytes.Cu2O/TiO2 nanotube arrays heterojunction have been fabricated by electrochemical methods. The content of Cu2O loaded on the arrays was controlled by varying the electrodeposition time. The samples have been characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and UV-vis absorption spectrum. In addition, visible photoelectric conversion and photocatalytic water splitting performance of composite electrode materials were characterized under visible light with the measured density of 100 mV·cm-2. The results demonstrated that all Cu2O/TiO2 nanotube arrays heterojunction had a strong absorption in the visible region which suggested that the composite Cu2O/TiO2 nanotubes could make more efficient use of visible light compared with the unmodi?ed TiO2 nanotubes. Simultaneously, p-n heterojunction was formed between Cu2O and TiO2 and the p-n junction was equivalent to a single directional conductive diode that allows electrons to flow from the n-type to the p-type, but the backward flow was prohibited. They could enhance the charges transport and reduce the recombination rate of electrons and holes effectively. Separating the electron-hole pairs in different semiconductors could induce a potential difference at the heterojunction interface. Moreover when the electrodeposition time was 30 min, Cu2O particles were uniform and almost covered the surface of TiO2 nanotubes. Comparing with the composite Cu2O/TiO2 nanotubes prepared by other electrodeposition time, Cu2O/TiO2 nanotube arrays heterojunction fabricated by electroplating for 30 min, noted by Cu2O/TiO2NTs-30, had better performance of photoelectrochemical response in visible light, the visible photoelectric conversion and photocatalytic water splitting efficiency were both the highest. Compared with TiO2 nanotube arrays, though the open-circuit voltage (Voc) of Cu2O/TiO2NTs-30 was -0.629 V and reduced 0.046 V, the short-circuit current density (Isc) enhanced 4.5 times, indicating that there were many more photoelectrons accumulated on the surface of the Cu2O/TiO2 nanotube arrays heterojunction. The improved Isc was also reflected in the increased incident monochromatic photo-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE), the IPCE response at the maximum absorption wavelength was enhanced almost 6 times.

Key words: TiO2 nanotube arrays, Cu2O, visible light, photo-splitting water, photoelectric conversion