化学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (4): 307-309.DOI: 10.6023/A14120828 上一篇    下一篇

研究亮点

金属催化有机反应中的碱效应

秦国萍, 崔春明   

  1. 南开大学元素有机化学国家重点实验室 天津 300071
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-01 出版日期:2015-04-14 发布日期:2015-01-08
  • 通讯作者: 崔春明 E-mail:cmcui@nankai.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No. 21172116)资助.

Base Effects in Metal-Catalyzed Organic Reactions

Qin Guoping, Cui Chunming   

  1. State Key Laboratory and Institute of Elemento-Organic Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071
  • Received:2014-12-01 Online:2015-04-14 Published:2015-01-08
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21172116).

众所周知, 在有机催化反应中经常用到不同的有机或无机碱, 许多碱本身也可以作为催化剂, 但化学家们对碱在化学转化中的作用并没有系统和明确的认识, 许多反应中碱的选择都是经过大量的条件实验确定的. 针对这些问题, 席振峰课题组对文献中碱的作用进行了系统归纳和总结, 分析了碱的多种因素对反应的影响并提出了一些规律性的结论, 对理解碱效应具有很高的参考价值.

关键词: 碱效应, 有机碱, 无机碱, 金属催化的有机反应

Organic and inorganic bases have been widely employed in many metal-catalyzed organic reactions to promote the catalytic efficiency and improve the selectivity. In many cases, a certain base only works well for one type of reactions and roles of the base cannot be clearly understood at present. Professor Xi's group at Peking University recently summarized the roles of bases in many catalytic transformations and discussed the possible factors of bases on these transformations. This is the first review article on the systematic analysis of the base effects. This highlight, based on this review and the related references, will briefly discuss base effects on catalytic organic transformations.

Key words: base effects, organic bases, inorganic bases, metal-catalyzed organic reactions