化学学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (2): 208-214.DOI: 10.6023/A13111179 上一篇    下一篇

研究论文

圆柱表面上高分子共混刷微相分离的自洽场理论研究

马新, 陈仓佚, 唐萍, 邱枫   

  1. 聚合物分子工程国家重点实验室 复旦大学高分子科学系 上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2013-11-21 出版日期:2014-02-14 发布日期:2013-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 邱枫,E-mail:fengqiu@fudan.edu.cn E-mail:fengqiu@fudan.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(No. 2011CB605700)和国家自然科学基金(No. 21320102005)资助.

SCFT Study of Microphase Separation in Mixed Polymer Brushes Grafted on Cylindrical Surface

Ma Xin, Chen Cangyi, Tang Ping, Qiu Feng   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers, Department of Macromolecular Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:2013-11-21 Online:2014-02-14 Published:2013-12-25
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2011CB605700) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21320102005).

我们运用高分子自洽场理论方法,结合“masking”技术,研究了高分子共混刷接枝到无限长圆柱表面上的微相分离行为. 理论预言了柱面上高分子共混刷的两种典型相分离形态:平行条纹相和环状相. 我们考察了圆柱半径、接枝密度以及相互作用参数对二者的影响,给出了体系在不同参数下相分离形态的相图,并且从相分离程度的角度对平行条纹相和环状相之间的转变作了解释. 我们还研究了平行条纹相相区数目以及环状相交替周期随圆柱半径的变化. 理论所预言的平行条纹相和环状相的存在以及体系参数对其稳定性的影响将有助于实验上合理设计、制备这类新颖的高分子刷材料.

关键词: 高分子共混刷, 圆柱形表面, 自洽场理论, 平行条纹相, 环状相, “masking”技术

We report on microphase separation behaviors of mixed polymer brushes grafted onto an infinitely long cylindrical rod by performing polymer self-consistent field theory (SCFT) calculation with "masking" technique. The "masking" technique is especially suitable to deal with systems of confined polymers grafted onto curved surfaces. We have developed a method to solve the morphology of block copolymers confined into complicated topographic surfaces with SCFT. In this paper, this unique technique is extended to solve the SCFT for nanorod grafted by mixed polymer brushes. Furthermore, the use of simple Cartesian grids in a cubic computational cell with periodic boundary conditions makes it possible to solve diffusion equations in SCFT by utilizing an efficient and highly accurate pseudo-spectral method involving fast Fourier transform. Both parallel rippled phase and ring-shaped phase are predicted. We have investigated the influences of the cylinder radius, grafting density and interaction between the two incompatible grafting polymers on the stability of the two typical phases. Our results show that the system prefers the ring-shaped phase with the increase of the cylinder radius, grafting density and interaction between the two grafting polymers. Phase diagrams involving these parameters are constructed, and we explain the reason of the transition between the parallel rippled phase and ring-shaped phase in terms of the degree of phase segregation. Again, the degree of phase segregation is higher with larger cylinder radius, grafting density and interaction between the two grafting polymers. By comparing the degree of phase segregation and free energy of the parallel rippled and ring-shaped phases at the same condition, we found that the ring-shaped phase favors the entropic part of the free energy while the parallel rippled phase significantly reduces the enthalpy. Therefore, when the degree of phase segregation is low, the free energy of the system is dominated by the enthalpy, leading to the parallel rippled phase; when the degree of phase segregation is high, the free energy of the system is dominated by the entropic part and the ring-shaped phase is stable. We also found that the domain numbers of parallel rippled phase and the period of alternating ring-shaped phase vary with the radius of cylinder. These predictions are expected to be helpful in rational design and fabrication of such novel polymer brushes.

Key words: mixed polymer brush, cylindrical surface, self-consistent field theory, parallel rippled-phase, ring-shaped phase, “masking&rdquo, technique