Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (20): 2155-2161.DOI: 10.6023/A12070417 Previous Articles     Next Articles



宋秋生, 高康, 姚伟, 杨洋, 马海红   

  1. 合肥工业大学化工学院 合肥 230009
  • 投稿日期:2012-07-14 发布日期:2012-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 宋秋生
  • 基金资助:

    项目受安徽省教育厅自然科学研究项目(No. 2009AJZR0137)和合肥工业大学创新基金(No. cxsy2010071)资助.

Thermosensitive Fluorescent Behavior and Mechanism of EuF3-NaYF4 Nanocrystals/PNIPAm Ternary Complex Hydrogel

Song Qiusheng, Gao Kang, Yao Wei, Yang Yang, Ma Haihong   

  1. School of Chemical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009
  • Received:2012-07-14 Published:2012-08-25
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Science Foundation of Educational Department of Anhui Province of China (grant No: 2009AJZR0137) and Innovational Foundation of Hefei University of Technology (grant No. cxsy2010071).

In this work, EuF3 and NaYF4 nanocrystals were prepared by liquid-solution-solid (LSS) method respectively, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images revealed that the as-prepared NaYF4 nanocrystals were monodisperse nanoparticles with the size about 30 nm; while the as-prepared EuF3 were polydisperse nanoparticles with the size of 5~20 nm. And they were used to prepare a series of novel ternary complex hydrogels of EuF3-NaYF4 nanocrystals/poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (PNIPAm) by free radical polymerization. In a typical synthesis, 2 mg the as-prepared EuF3 and NaYF4 nanocrystals, 201.6 mg reactants of N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAm), N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (BIS) and azodiisobutyronitrile (AIBN) (mNIPAmmBISmAIBN=200/0.2/1.4) and 4 mL CHCl3 were mixed and added into a 10 mL sealing tube. The tube was placed into an ultrasonic oscillator for about 10 min to obtain a uniform mixture, and then oxygen was removed by bubbling N2 and successfully exerting vacuum on the tube for about 5 min. After the operation was repeated three times, the tube was sealed and kept at 60 ℃ for 3 h. After that, the crude complex hydrogels were synthesized. Finally, the crude hydrogels were immersed into deionized water to remove the remained monomers and impurities. The total time of soaking was about 7 d, and the deionized water was replaced every 10 h. Following the above procedure, all of the mentioned EuF3-NaYF4/PNIPAm complex hydrogels were obtained. The structure and fluorescent properties of the complex hydrogels were investigated by differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), photoluminescence (PL), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD). And the thermosensitive fluorescent behavior of the complex hydrogels was investigated and the mechanism was discussed in detail. The results suggested that, in the PNIPAm hydrogel matrix, energy can be transferred between the bulk doped EuF3 nanocrystals and NaYF4 nanocrystals. Either the relative content of two kinds of nanocrystals or the ambient temperature plays an important role in the thermosensitive fluorescent behavior of the complex hydrogels.

Key words: EuF3 nanocrystal, NaYF4 nanocrystal, thermosensitive hydrogel, PL intensity, PNIPAm