Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (01): 121-125.DOI: 10.6023/A12110933 Previous Articles     Next Articles



卢伟涛, 杨继萍   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 材料科学与工程学院 北京 100191
  • 投稿日期:2012-11-17 发布日期:2012-12-06
  • 通讯作者: 杨继萍
  • 基金资助:
    项目受国家自然科学基金(No. 21174009)资助.

Synthesis and Characterization of Tetraaniline-Polyethylene Glycol Block and Star-shaped Copolymers

Lu Weitao, Yang Jiping   

  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191
  • Received:2012-11-17 Published:2012-12-06
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21174009).

In this paper, three block or star-shaped tetraaniline-polyethylene glycol copolymers were obtained using a series of methylbenzenesulfonyl chloride homologous compounds as intermediates. To achieve this goal, firstly, tetraaniline was synthesised by 4-aminodiphenyamine through redox reaction in an acidic acetone solution; tetraaniline was then reacted with 4-toluene sulfonyl chloride, 2,5-dimethylbenzenesulfonyl chloride and 2-mesitylenesulfonyl chloride, respectively, to give a series of sulfamide intermediate products with different amounts of capped methyl groups on the benzene ring. These sulfamide intermediate products were oxidized by potassium permanganate, to turn the capped methyl groups equally into carboxyl groups. At last, methoxy polyethylene glycol (PEG) was reacted with these carboxyl groups through esterification reaction to give the tetraaniline-polyethylene glycol copolymers, in which the number of PEG chains was determined by the number of methyl groups on the intermediate products mentioned above. Structure characterization of all related products within the routes, as well as electrical chemical property test of tetraaniline and final products, was carried out using FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV-Vis, GPC and electrochemical workstation. The results of structure characterization suggested that ideal products were synthesized successfully through designed routes, the cyclic voltammogram and conductivity data suggested that the electrical chemical property of these copolymers was similar with that of tetraaniline, possessing the typical change of oxidation-reduction states. As polyaniline is a typical electrochromism material, whose electrochromism capability is majorly succeeded by tetraaniline, these copolymers could be used in an electrochromism device, in which tetraaniline acts as electrochromism material, while polyethylene glycol acts as ion conducting material. Compared with electrochromism devices formed by polyaniline and polyethylene glycol separately, the ones formed by these copolymers would be much more compatible and processible. Furthermore, the micro structure of an electrochromism device could be formed through copolymers' self-assembly, and the micro phase morphology of the structure could be modified by adjusting the molecular weight of each segment, as well as the number of polyethylene glycol chains.

Key words: aniline oligomer, polyethylene glycol, block copolymer, star-shaped copolymer