Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (12): 1199-1208.DOI: 10.6023/A14080593 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review

ZnO纳米线/棒阵列的水热法制备及应用研究进展

郝锐a,b, 邓霄a,c, 杨毅彪a,c, 陈德勇b   

  1. a. 太原理工大学物理与光电工程学院 太原 030024;
    b. 中国科学院电子学研究所 北京 100190;
    c. 太原理工大学新型传感器与智能控制教育部与山西省重点实验室 太原 030024
  • 收稿日期:2014-08-20 出版日期:2014-12-14 发布日期:2014-11-19
  • 通讯作者: 邓霄 E-mail:dengxiao@tyut.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:郝锐, 男, 1991年出生, 本科毕业于太原理工大学物理与光电工程学院, 自2013年起在太原理工大学微纳系统研究中心从事研究工作, 主要研究方向为微流控系统的设计及氧化锌纳米线阵列的制备, 现为中国科学院电子学研究所硕士研究生;杨毅彪, 男, 1967年出生, 教授.2009年获太原理工大学材料加工工程专业博士学位.主要从事光子晶体、太阳能电池的设计与制备等方面的研究工作;陈德勇, 男, 1967年出生, 研究员.2002年获中国科学院电子学研究所物理电子学博士学位.主要从事MEMS微传感器与微系统、微流控芯片系统等方面的研究工作.
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(Nos.51205273,61340053)、山西省高等学校科技创新基金(No.20120007)、太原理工大学校青年基金(No.2012L034)和山西省研究生优秀创新基金(No.20133028)资助.

Research Progress in Preparation and Applications of ZnO Nanowire/rod Arrays by Hydrothermal Method

Hao Ruia,b, Deng Xiaoa,c, Yang Yibiaoa,c, Chen Deyongb   

  1. a. College of Physics and Optoelectronics, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024;
    b. Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190;
    c. Key Lab of Advanced Transducers and Intelligent Control System of the Ministry of Education and Shanxi Province, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024
  • Received:2014-08-20 Online:2014-12-14 Published:2014-11-19
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51205273, 61340053), the Scientific and Technological Innovation Programs of Higher Education Institutions in Shanxi (No. 20120007), the Youth Foundation of Taiyuan University of Technology (No. 2012L034) and the Excellent Innovation Programs for Postgraduate in Shanxi Province (No. 20133028).

The quality of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowire/rod arrays determines the performance of the constructed photoelectric devices. In order to prepare high-quality ZnO nanowire/rod arrays with greater surface to volume ratio, better verticality and separate roots, a brief summary has been made about the research progress of the controllable preparation of ZnO nanowire/rod arrays using two-step hydrothermal method in this paper. Moreover, how the seed layer, growth solution and preparation method influence their morphology has been discussed respectively, and the mechanisms of ammonia, hexamethylenetetramine and polyethyleneimine in promoting the growth of nanowire/rod arrays have been particularly analyzed. At the same time, the method of controllable preparation of ZnO nanowire arrays based on microfluidic technique has been put forward, which can improve the growth efficiency of nanowire arrays. Finally, an introduction has been made about how the morphology of ZnO nanowire/rod arrays plays an important role in improving the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells, nanogenerators, gas sensors and field emission devices, and an outlook of future development trend of two-step hydrothermal method in preparing ZnO nanowire/rod arrays is also provided.

Key words: zinc oxide, nanowire/rod arrays, two-step hydrothermal method, controllable preparation, microfluidic technique