Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (6): 498-529.DOI: 10.6023/A15010019 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 共价有机多孔聚合物

Review

有机多孔催化研究进展

王昌安a, 王为b   

  1. a 泰山学院化学化工学院 泰安 271021;
    b 兰州大学 功能有机分子化学国家重点实验室 兰州 730000
  • 投稿日期:2015-01-09 发布日期:2015-02-06
  • 通讯作者: 王昌安, 王为 E-mail:wangcha_chem@163.com;wang_wei@lzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受山东省优秀中青年科学家科研奖励基金(BS2014CL035)的资助.

Advances in Porous Organic Catalysis

Wang Changana, Wang Weib   

  1. a College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Taishan University, Taian 271021;
    b State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000
  • Received:2015-01-09 Published:2015-02-06
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Promotive Research Fund for Excellent Young and Middle-aged Scientists of Shandong Province (BS2014CL035).

Porous organic polymers (POPs) have become one of a frontier of the research in recent years. POPs including amorphous (e.g. CMP, HCP, PIM, etc.) and crystalline (e.g. COF) porous organic polymers. Due to their inherent porosity, large specific surface area, light weight and easy functionalization at the molecular level, POPs have recently received significant attention for potential applications in gas storage/separation, organic photoelectric, sensoring and heterogeneous catalysis. Here, this review focus on recent developments of POPs in heterogeneous catalysis. Currently, the research on the application of POPs for heterogeneous catalysis is classified into three sections: (a) “bottom-up” embedding metal-ligand catalyst into POPs for heterogeneous catalysis; (b) the encapsulation of metal nanoparticles into POPs for heterogeneous catalysis; (c) “bottom-up” embedding organocatalyst into POPs for heterogeneous organocatalysis. Benefiting from its structural superiority, these functional POPs exhibit excellent catalytic activity. Reference to the development of homogeneous catalysis, the application of functional POPs for heterogeneous catalysis will also have more room for development.

Key words: porous organic polymers, bottom-up strategy, post-modification, heterogeneous catalysis, asymmetric catalysis