Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2017, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (2): 154-162.DOI: 10.6023/A16060275 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 先进电池材料



向兴德, 卢艳莹, 陈军   

  1. 南开大学化学学院 先进能源材料化学教育部重点实验室 天津化学化工协同创新中心 天津 300071
  • 投稿日期:2016-06-03 修回日期:2016-08-05 发布日期:2016-08-10
  • 通讯作者: 陈军,
  • 作者简介:向兴德,男,博士,助理研究员,博士后研究人员,主要从事新型二次电池的构建及其关键材料的电化学性质研究;卢艳莹,女,在读博士生,主要从事储钠先进材料的可控制备与性能研究;陈军,男,博士,长江学者特聘教授,国家杰出青年基金获得者.中国化学会理事,FRSC;南开大学化学学院副院长,先进能源材料化学教育部重点实验室主任.主要从事无机固体功能材料与能源化学相关领域的研究.
  • 基金资助:


Advance and Prospect of Functional Materials for Sodium Ion Batteries

Xiang Xingde, Lu Yanying, Chen Jun   

  1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry(Ministry of Education), Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
  • Received:2016-06-03 Revised:2016-08-05 Published:2016-08-10
  • Contact: 10.6023/A16060275
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by Innovative Team Project of Ministry of Education (IRT13R30) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21421001).

Sodium ion batteries (SIBs) as a new chemical power source have recently attracted a great attention for large-scale energy storage owing to the abundance and low cost of sodium resources. In order to achieve advanced SIBs with high specific energy, long cycling lifetime and fast charge/discharge ability, efforts have been devoted to developing advanced electrode materials with large specific capacity, robust cycling stability and good rate capability, as well as functional electrolytes with high ion-conductivity and wide electrochemical window. Promising cathode materials include high-capacity layered oxides, high-potential fluorophosphates and long-lifetime phosphates. Available anode materials consist of highly stable Ti-based layered oxides and carbon materials, high-capacity elemental metals/non-metals and low-cost metal-based compounds. Effective electrolytes involve ester-based electrolytes and ether-based electrolytes. This review summarizes the recent advance of electrode materials and electrolytes for SIBs, mainly focusing on their electrochemical properties, existing challenges and resolution strategies.

Key words: sodium ion batteries, cathode materials, anode materials, electrolytes