Chin. J. Org. Chem. ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 273-283.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201409012 Previous Articles     Next Articles



杨珍, 傅尧, 郭庆祥   

  1. 中国科学技术大学化学系 安徽省生物质洁净能源重点实验室 合肥 230026
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-07 修回日期:2014-11-09 出版日期:2015-02-25 发布日期:2014-12-08
  • 通讯作者: 傅尧, 郭庆祥;
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划, No. 2012CB215305)、国家自然科学基金(Nos. 21325208, 21172209)、教育部中央高校基本科研业务费(No. WK2060190025)、高等学校博士点基金(No. 20123402130008)和霍英东教育基金资助项目.

Recent Progress in the Studies of Biomass Platform Molecule γ-Velerolactone

Yang Zhen, Fu Yao, Guo Qingxiang   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biomass Clean Energy, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026
  • Received:2014-09-07 Revised:2014-11-09 Online:2015-02-25 Published:2014-12-08
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, No. 2012CB215305), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21325208, 21121172209), the Foundational Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. WK2060190025), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (No. 20123402130008) and the Fok Ying Tung Education Foundation.

Lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant and renewable resource of carbon that allows the production of versatile and viable chemicals and fuels. Various processes have been developed for the conversion of biomass and its derivatives into platform molecules. Among these molecules, γ-valerolactone (GVL) is widely used because of its high stability, low toxicity and low volatility. GVL is an ideal precursor for the production of fuels and value-added chemicals. Up to now, various catalysts and reaction systems have been developed for the production of GVL from biomass, and many processes for the conversion GVL into fuels and chemicals have also been reported. In this paper, the different feedstocks including levulinic acid (LA), levulinate esters and other compounds for the production of GVL, as well as the catalytic systems including homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts for the hydrogenation of LA to GVL using H2 gas or formic acid (FA) as hydrogen source are summarized. The conversion of GVL into fuels, chemicals and polymers is reviewed.

Key words: lignocellulosic biomass, γ-valerolactone, catalytic system, fuels, chemicals, polymers