Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (12): 1336-1348.DOI: 10.6023/A20090439 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 纪念南开大学化学学科创建100周年



陈中杭, 韩宗甦, 师唯, 程鹏   

  1. 南开大学化学学院 天津 300071
  • 投稿日期:2020-09-23 发布日期:2020-11-10
  • 通讯作者: 师唯
  • 作者简介:陈中杭,博士研究生.2019年毕业于桂林理工大学(化学工程与技术专业),获工学硕士学位.2020年起在南开大学化学学院攻读博士学位.目前主要研究方向为手性金属-有机框架的构筑及其在荧光传感等领域中的应用.
  • 基金资助:

Design, Synthesis and Applications of Chiral Metal-Organic Frameworks

Chen Zhonghang, Han Zongsu, Shi Wei, Cheng Peng   

  1. College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
  • Received:2020-09-23 Published:2020-11-10
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21861130354), the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (No. 18JCJQJC47200) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Nankai University (Nos. 63201016, 63201043).

Chiral metal-organic frameworks have shown important applications in the identification and separation of enantiomers and asymmetric heterogeneous catalysis, owing to their structural diversities and multifunctionalities. Recently, the applications of chiral metal-organic frameworks have been expanded to other research fields, such as circularly polarized luminescence and chiral ferroelectrics. Compared with achiral metal-organic frameworks, it is highly challenging to synthesize chiral metal-organic frameworks, because the chirality introduction usually results in the difficulty of the crystallization and purification process for the design of chiral metal-organic frameworks. In this review, we discussed three main strategies that have been utilized to construct chiral metal-organic frameworks, including direct synthesis by chiral ligands, spontaneous resolution with achiral ligands or in the presence of chiral-template, and post-synthetic modification of achiral metal-organic frameworks. Moreover, the recent research progresses of chiral metal-organic frameworks in chiral molecular recognition, enantiomer separation, asymmetric catalysis, circularly polarized luminescence, and chiral ferroelectrics are discussed.

Key words: chirality, metal-organic frameworks, design and synthesis, property