Chin. J. Org. Chem. ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 1226-1243.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201810018 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 荧光探针-生物传感合辑 有机超分子化学合辑



曲文娟a, 房虎a, 黄青a, 张有明a,b, 林奇a, 姚虹a, 魏太保a   

  1. a 西北师范大学化学化工学院 生态环境相关高分子材料教育部重点实验室 甘肃省高分子材料重点实验室 兰州 730070;
    b 兰州城市学院 兰州 730070
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-16 修回日期:2018-12-27 发布日期:2019-01-31
  • 通讯作者: 曲文娟, 张有明, 魏太保;;
  • 基金资助:


Research Progress of Cyanide Sensors in Different Medium

Qu Wenjuana, Fang Hua, Huang Qinga, Zhang Youminga,b, Lin Qia, Yao Honga, Wei Taibaoa   

  1. a Key Laboratory of Eco-Environment-Related Polymer Materials, Ministry of Education of China, Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials of Gansu Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070;
    b Lanzhou City University, Lanzhou 730070
  • Received:2018-10-16 Revised:2018-12-27 Published:2019-01-31
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201810018;;
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21661028, 21662031, 21574104).

Cyanide ion has strong toxicity for mammals, because it can affect many normal function of body, such as blood vessels, visual, as well as central nervous system, heart, endocrine and metabolic system. In addition, the cyanide salts are widely used in the production of human life, especially in electroplating and plastic manufacturing, mining, gold and silver leather industry, metallurgy, etc., which resulting in the pollution of environment. Therefore, the artificial cyanide selective receptor or fluorescent sensor has attracted widely attention in the field of anionic recognition. Due to the advantages of simple synthesis method, low cost, fast response, colorimetry and/or fluorescence change before and after reaction with cyanide, chemical sensors have been deeply studied by many researchers in the past decades. Based on the reaction of cyanide ions in different media, the research progress of cyanide sensors is summarized since 2010 from four aspects:(1) identification of cyanide in pure organic phase, (2) identification of cyanide ions in aqueous media, (3) identification of cyanide ions in pure water phase, and (4) identification of cyanide ions in solid phase. These sensors for cyanide in solution and solid material test and detect cyanide by naked eyes, which realizes the convenient, fast and real-time detection of cyanide in environmental and food samples.

Key words: cyanide identification, different media, environmental and food samples, application tools